Praise & Prayer, February 2019

PRAISE & PRAYER, FEBRUARY 2019

Prayer/Counseling hotline: 08033673654, 08051614880
E-mail: prayerpromotion@emsofecwa.org
Website: www.emsofecwa.org
Brethren, pray for us (1 Thess. 5:25)
WEEK ONE – FOCUS IS ON PRAISE/THANKSGIVING
FROM HOME AND CROSS-BOARDER MISSION FIELDS
“Praise the Lord, all people on earth, praise his glory and might.” (1 Chronicles 16:28)

FRIDAY 1ST
Praise God for His sustaining grace and mercies that have kept us through the 1st month of theyear. Let’s keep praying that the Gospel will accelerate and yield hundred-fold and that through us the knowledge of the glory of God will spread wide among men this year and beyond.

SATURDAY 2ND
Praise God for sustaining the young church planted in Yelmene which was successfully weaned into a full Local Church under Kaltungo DCC.

SUNDAY 3RD
Togo has been a long-existing mission base with many mission stations in different areas of the country; praise God for the progress EMS has and is recording through the selfless efforts of its missionaries.

NOTE: WE ARE FASTING TOMORROW

FIRST (1ST) MONDAY OF EVERY MONTH IS TO BE OBSERVED NATIONALLY AND INTERNATIONALLY AS EMS PRAYER AND FASTING DAY. THEREFORE, ALL EMS ARMS, MISSIONARIES, OFFICE STAFF, PRAYER PARTNERS AND SUPPORTERS SHOULD PLEASE ENDEAVOR TO JOIN THE EMS INTERNATIONAL HEAD OFFICE IN PRAYERS. WE JOIN FAITH AND TRUST GOD IN ONE ACCORD WITH BRETHREN AROUND THE WORLD FOR A STEADY AND FRUITFUL GROWTH OF THE WORK OF MISSIONS, PEACE AND THE SALVATION OF NATIONS, FO R REVIVAL AND SPIRITUAL GROWTH OF THE CHURCH. OUR COOPERATE PRAYER TIME AT THE HEAD OFFICE IS 8-9AM, 12-1PM, AND 3-4 PM RESPECTIVELY. YOU CAN JOIN US IN PRAYERS WHEREVER YOU MAY BE AT THOSE TIMES OR MAKE OUT TIME OF YOUR OWN CONVENIENCE AS YOU ARE LED BY GOD. PLEASE, JUST BE SURE TO PRAY ALONG AS YOU FAST.

MONDAY 4TH
Praise God for a fruitful ministry of Rev. Yusuf Gyari who retired last year in December; ask that God will grant him rest even as he considers new ministry opportunities.

TUESDAY 5TH
Praise God for the provision of the sum of N400, 000 through the Wuse ii evangelism team for the purchase of a mission vehicle in the Republic of Togo. Ask for more of God’s grace and blessings on this donor.

WEDNESDAY 6TH
Praise God for the provision of a new motorcycle to Rev. Musa D. Mato by his supporter, Kano DCC Women’s Fellowship. Ask the Lord to bless the donors.

THURSDAY 7TH
Praise God for the family of Hassan in Niamey, Niger Republic, who gave their house to Rev. & Mrs. John Gada as a place for children to be discipled. Pray that food would be generously provided to feed the children meeting for the fellowship.

FRIDAY 8TH
Praise God for the provision of a pulpit, 10 plastic chairs and a banner with the church’s activities on it for ECWA Godomey, Benin Republic. Ask the Lord to bless the donors of these items.

SATURDAY 9TH
Praise God for the official inauguration program of SOUTH NORTH WEST REGION, the new EMS region. This new region is the 12th region of EMS. Ask the Lord to grant grace to Rev. Nehemiah Magaji, the new regional coordinator of this region, and the people he will be working with.

WEEK TWO – FOCUS IS ON EMS HOME MISSION FIELDS

But He said to them, “I must preach the kingdom of God to the other cities also, for I was sent for this purpose. Luke 4:43

SUNDAY 10TH EMS MANAGEMENT

  • The EMS administrative office has embarked on a transfer of regional coordinators and an appointment of new ones.
  • Let’s not relent in praying for fresh grace, blessings, protection and daily strength upon the EMS Management Team as they work daily and travel to advocate Christ’s cause and provide leadership within Nigeria and abroad for the purpose of God’s mission around the world.

MONDAY 11TH EMS BOARD MEMBERS
Ask the Lord to help EMS board members to approach issues with an open, inquiring mind, free from prejudice, with their heart depending on the Holy Spirit for the strength to make hard decisions. Let’s not relent in asking the Lord to please keep EMS Board Members humble and dependent upon him to give them the perfect wisdom and direction that they need to strategize and advice EMS leadership on how to move the ministry forward.

TUESDAY 12TH EMS SUPPORTERS
Pray for God’s blessing on their families, as well as their own spiritualhealth. May our supporters grow in grace and knowledge of the Lord Jesus Christ. Pray for their own spiritual lives, that they would grow in the grace and knowledge of Christ. Pray that they would be encouraged and supported in any area of their needs. Pray that their own lives would reflect the gospel to those around them.

WEDNESDAY 13TH ECWA EXECUTIVES
Pray also for their pastoral work, that they would encourage and counsel the flock with wisdom and discernment. Pray for the stress they bear in their work and in carrying the weight of responsibility for our souls, that they would find rest in Christ. Pray that they would resist temptations to sin and depend wholly upon the grace of Christ.

THURSDAY 14TH
ECWA MINISTERS/STAKEHOLDERS Pray that they would preach the Word of truth, “beready in season and out of season; reprove, rebuke, and exhort with complete patience and teaching” (2Timothy 4:2). Pray that they would faithfully be committed to the work. Pray that they would equip the saints for the work of ministry (Ephesians 4:12).

EMS MUSLIM OUTREACH UNIT Pray that all those who have been transferred and appointed will turn out very effective in their new mission field and also pray for wisdom and favor as they relate with people at different levels in the course of their work.

FRIDAY 15TH

Pray for the hearts of Muslim Background Believers, that they would increase in their passion to love others and share the gospel. Pray for MBBs to remain steadfast and unwavering in their faith.

SATURDAY 16TH FAR NORTH – KATSINA DCC
Pray for missionaries who are working and laboring in difficult terrains in this region. Ask the lord to shield, guide and defend them and their families from every evil in 2019.

WEEK THREE – FOCUS IS ON EMS HOME MISSION FIELDS

But just as we have been approved by God to be entrusted with the gospel, so we speak, not as pleasing men, but God who examines our hearts. 1 Thessalonians 2:4

SUNDAY 17TH NORTH CENTRAL REGION – JOS

Ask the Lord to intervene over the recent attacks on Nding community which has resulted to the burning of churches by Fulani herdsmen. Let’s not relent in praying forthe safety of our missionaries, especially in places often targeted for attacks.

MONDAY 18TH CENTRAL REGION – GARKI

  • Ask the Lord to grant Rev. Gambo Ayuba, the new Central Regional Coordinator, the favor, wisdom and grace to put up effective mission strategies for successful ministry in his region.
  • Ask the Lord to raise for Himself more supporters/partners in Shiroro, Niger /Delta, and Suleja DCCs.
  • Pray for EMS projects in Taiyu, Mararaba, Kubaidnapa, Bataron Jatau in Shiroro DCC.

TUESDAY 19TH FAR NORTH – KATSINA

  • Praise God for the life of Mr. Micah Yakubu in Katsina DCC who has committed himself to partner with EMS. Pray for the Lord to provide for him to continue in his partnership.
  • Pray also for a financial opening for the building projects at Gidan Soda, Gidan Boka, Gidan Suhu and Dandume mission stations.

WEDNESDAY 20TH NORTH WEST REGION – KADUNA
Ask the Lord to grant Rev. Bungule Yahaya, the new North West Regional Coordinator, the favor, wisdom and grace to put up effective mission strategies for ministry in his region.

THURSDAY 21ST MID CENTRAL REGION – KAGORO
Ask the Lord to sustain Ungwan Mamuda mission station, which has been weaned into a local church.

FRIDAY 22ND EMS SOUTH NORTH WEST REGION
Praise God for the success of the inauguration of this new region on the 9th of this month. Ask the Lord to grant grace to Rev. Nehemiah Magaji, the new Regional Coordinator of this region, to be able to coordinate this new region and also bring new influence and mission fulfillment.

SATURDAY 23RD SOUTH NORTH EAST REGION – JALINGO
Ask the Lord to grant wisdom to the new Taraba DCC executives and the new regional coordinator of this region; ask that they be mission-minded in carrying out the administrative responsibilities.

WEEK FOUR: FOCUS ON CROSS-BORDERS MISSION FIELDS

But He said to them, “I must preach the kingdom of God to the other cities also, for I was sent for this purpose.” Luke 4:43

SUNDAY 24TH

CROSS BORDERS CRITICAL NEED EMS is still trusting God for the sum of about N854M that is urgently needed for various critical Cross Borders Projects. Please continue to pray for this need.

NIGER REPUBLIC Pray for missionaries in this country; many of them are currently faced with a food shortage due to unstable rainfall. Rev. Kanawa in Maradi, Niger Republic is planning a program for missionaries and their wives; ask the Lord to grant provisions to that effect.

MONDAY 25TH BENIN REPUBLIC

  • Pray for God’s provision for the support of Rev. Amos Disciple who has volunteered to stay in Aglansa, a targeted area for mission work.
  • Keep praying for provisions of funds for the sponsorship of Thibaut & Assogba Fami, who have decided to go to seminary with their families.

TUESDAY 26TH ECWA MALI
Praise God for bringing two more candidates for ECWA Mali to be prepared for theological training. Hamidou Guirou, Ezekiel Tessougue and Tenou Coro are among the university students studying English that we have been helping. Pray for funds to continue their theological training.

  • Keep praying along with us for 5,000 bags of grain; this project is for the 21 Dogon villages (not enough rain and the communal crisis stopped many from going to their farms).
  • Keep praying for the 26 children who said the salvation prayer on 2/12/18 in Mali to understand God’s complete package of salvation and to keep them safe and strong when faced with persecution.

WEDNESDAY 27TH GAMBIA
Apart from the theological seminary opened by Rev. Tanimu and his wife Favor- Tamar, an Early Childhood Development Center has also been opened, which God is using greatly in reaching more people, especially in the Barra community of The Gambia.

THURSDAY 28TH ECWA REPUBLIC OF GHANA
Ask the Lord to grant wisdom to our missionaries in Ghana for a good relationship with Ghanaians. Pray for the nationals to understand the vision and mission of ECWA and to be able to work according to the ministry standards.

THANK YOU FOR PRAYING WITH US THROUGH THE SECOND MONTH OF THE YEAR 2019. MAY THE LORD RENEW YOUR STRENGTH AND ALSO INCREASE UPON YOU GRACE AS YOU CONTINUE WITH US IN THIS PARTNERSHIP. SHALOM!!!



Praise & Prayer, January 2019

PRAISE & PRAYER, JANUARY 2019

Prayer/Counseling hotline: 08033673654, 08051614880
E-mail: prayerpromotion@emsofecwa.org
Website: www.emsofecwa.org
Brethren, pray for us (1 Thess. 5:25)
WEEK ONE – FOCUS IS ON PRAISE/THANKSGIVING
FROM HOME AND CROSS-BOARDER MISSION FIELDS
“Praise the Lord, all people on earth, praise his glory and might.” (1 Chronicles 16:28)
 

TUESDAY 1ST Happy New Year to you! Praise God for His sustaining grace and mercies that kept us thus far. Ask the Lord for greater multiplication of His word in us and with us.

  • Pray for God’s anointing on us afresh to serve Him faithfully this 2019 and pray for the Gospel to accelerate and yield hundred-fold and that through us the knowledge of the glory of God will spread wide among men this year and beyond.

WEDNESDAY 2ND Praise God for all those who volunteered their gifts, skills, education, talents, time and resources as contribution to Kingdom services with EMS in 2018. Pray that God will grant grace and peace to each and every one who has made himself available to be used for the Gospel.

THURSDAY 3RD Praise God for the new converts in Bantanima, Senegal. A woman along with her household accepted Jesus. Praise God for the conversion of the landlord in Gungul, Gambia. We praise God for convicting him to join the church that started in his house.

FRIDAY 4TH Praise God for using the school that was newly opened in Old Yundum, Gambia as a means to bring a parent to the saving knowledge of the Lord and Savior Jesus Christ.

SATURDAY 5TH Praise God for a successful training of leaders who came from three churches in our Zambian mission station. It was an exciting time for the churches coming together as they felt very encouraged in sharing burdens and ministry ideas.

WEEK TWO – FOCUS IS ON EMS HOME MISSION FIELDS

But He said to them, “I must preach the kingdom of God to the other cities also, for I was sent for this purpose. Luke 4:43

SUNDAY 6TH EMS MANAGEMENT Pray for fresh grace, blessings, protection and daily strength upon the EMS Management Team as they work daily and travel to advocate Christ’s cause and provide leadership within Nigeria and abroad for the purpose of God’s mission around the world.

NOTE – WE ARE FASTING TOMORROW

FIRST (1ST) MONDAY OF EVERY MONTH IS TO BE OBSERVED NATIONALLY AND INTERNATIONALLY AS EMS PRAYER AND FASTING DAY. THEREFORE, ALL EMS ARMS, MISSIONARIES, OFFICE STAFF, PRAYER PARTNERS AND SUPPORTERS SHOULD PLEASE ENDEAVOR TO JOIN THE EMS INTERNATIONAL HEAD OFFICE IN PRAYERS. WE JOIN FAITH AND TRUST GOD IN ONE ACCORD WITH BRETHREN AROUND THE WORLD FOR A STEADY AND FRUITFUL GROWTH OF THE WORK OF MISSIONS, PEACE AND THE SALVATION OF NATIONS, FOR REVIVAL AND SPIRITUAL GROWTH OF THE CHURCH. OUR COOPERATE PRAYER TIME AT THE HEAD OFFICE IS 8-9AM, 12-1PM, AND 3-4 PM RESPECTIVELY. YOU CAN JOIN US IN PRAYERS WHEREVER YOU MAY BE AT THOSE TIMES OR MAKE OUT TIME OF YOUR OWN CONVENIENCE AS YOU ARE LED BY GOD. PLEASE, JUST BE SURE TO PRAY ALONG AS YOU FAST.

MONDAY 7TH EMS BOARD MEMBERS Ask the Lord to please keep EMS Board Members humble and always relying upon him to give them the perfect wisdom and direction that they need to strategize and advice EMS leadership on how to move the ministry forward.

TUESDAY 8TH EMS SUPPORTERS Pray for EMS Supporters and Partners that God will strengthen them and pour fresh zeal and increased passion for God’s Kingdom on them. Ask the Lord to grant open doors for many who pledge to support EMS to fulfill their pledges.

WEDNESDAY 9TH EMS STAFF Praise God for all EMS staff; they have been doing well at their various desks. Ask God to bless them spiritually, physically and financially.

THURSDAY 10TH ECWA EXECUTIVES Pray that the ECWA mandate to fulfill Matt. 24:14 will be fruitful this year. Ask the Lord for daily grace, guidance and wisdom on ECWA Executives for more of God wisdom and unity of purpose for mobilizing and impacting the body of Christ and its leadership to fulfill the mission of God worldwide.

FRIDAY 11TH ECWA MINISTERS/STAKEHOLDERS Pray that the Lord will restore His church to her Kingdom responsibility as priests and kings. Ask that this restoration will begin with all ECWA ministers and stakeholders at many levels.

SATURDAY 12TH CENTRAL REGION – GARKI DCC Praise God for the commitments of the many individuals, groups, families and churches supporters God has blessed EMS with in this region. Ask the Lord to renew and replenish their grace as they serve God’s purpose with their gifts, talents, skills and resources In 2019 and beyond. Pray that God will give us more of these people to advance His work this year.

WEEK THREE – FOCUS IS ON EMS HOME MISSION FIELDS

But just as we have been approved by God to be entrusted with the gospel, so we speak, not as pleasing men, but God who examines our hearts. 1 Thessalonians 2:4

SUNDAY 13TH NORTH WEST REGION – KADUNA Pray for missionaries who are working and laboring in difficult terrains in this region. Ask the lord to shield, guide and defend them and their families from every evil in 2019.

MONDAY 14th MID CENTRAL REGION- KAGORO Ask for open doors for the penetration of the gospel into difficult terrains in this region. Pray that God will direct our ministry plan for 2019 to break new grounds to preach, make disciples and plant more churches in this region.

TUESDAY 15TH SOUTH NORTH EAST REGION- JALINGO Ask the Lord to sustain the young family of Pas. & Mrs. John Isa and that of Pas. & Mrs. Cyrus Ishaku who got married last year in December.

  • Let keep praying for Christian communities in this region that are still displaced as a result of attacks from terrorists. Pray especially for a firm foundation for the believers who can’t gather for worshipin their usual churches. Also pray that the pastors of all the churches that are currently closed due to these attacks will stay focused and be guided in seeing areas the Lord will have them serve Him during this challenging period.

WEDNESDAY 16TH FAR NORTH – KATSINA DCC Pray for the fruitfulness of our outreach teams to unreached communities of this region. Pray for the harvest of souls as missionaries launch out to preach the gospel. Pray that we will experience the Pentecost again in 2019.

THURSDAY 17TH NORTH CENTRAL REGION – JOS Pray for spiritual awakening in the body of Christ in this region this year. Pray for spiritual enablement, exemplary leadership, right influence and a deep sense of commitment to Scripture and missions among God’s servants in the North Central Region, so that through them the purpose of God will be achieved.

FRIDAY 18th EMS MUSLIM OUTREACH UNIT Pray for the Muslims around the world that God will encounter them. Pray that Christians will be well-informed and suitably equipped to minister to them globally.

  • Pray for the successes of all the training scheduled for this year in all ECWA Muslim Background Believer (MBB) centers. Ask the Lord to console the bereaved in the wake of atrocities committed in the name of Islam in Nigeria and elsewhere.

SATURDAY 19th FAR NORTH- KASTINA

  • We thank God for New Life for All who went on an outreach to the mission station and recorded eight new converts in Gidan Maidoki; ask the Lord to grant sustaining grace on these converts as they are discipled by the resident missionaries.
  • Pray also for a financial opening for the building project at Gidan Soda and Dandume in Tsiga

DCC WEEK FOUR – FOCUS ON CROSS-BORDERS MISSION FIELDS

But He said to them, “I must preach the kingdom of God to the other cities also, for I was sent for this purpose.” Luke 4:43

SUNDAY 20TH Praise God for the successful evangelistic activities that were embarked on across the foreign mission fields in 2018. Pray for a fruitful ministry in the 18 countries that EMS is reaching out to. May God grant more wisdom and grace on all cross borders missionaries as they put up relevant strategies to reach out to their communities this year.

MONDAY 21ST GAMBIA

  • Ask the Lord to raise workers who can work in French-speaking Senegal and in new Gambian mission fields.
  • Pray for the Gambian Seminary that started with 3 students; pray for God’s wisdom and understanding of His word. Also pray for the primary school at Old Yundum that has predominantly Muslim pupils. May they be ministered to even as they receive sound teaching.

TUESDAY 22ND ECWA REPUBLIC OF TOGO

  • Pray for God to provide support for the completion of the building of a mission church in Kaboli that is ongoing.
  • Pray for God to provide EMS of ECWA Togo with a vehicle for the purpose of coordination of the mission work.
  • Pray for God’s provision to acquire a land for ECWA Togo Headquarters. Two hectares of land for the ECWA HEADQUARTERS OF TOGO is estimated to cost about Five Million Naira only (₦5,000,000.00) in Sokode.

WEDNESDAY 23RD ECWA REPUBLIC OF TOGO

  • Praise God for the successful starting of ECWA Theological School Togo which kickstarted in September 2018. Pray for God’s wisdom on the school leadership as they put up strategies to enhance the school’s growth.
  • Pray for the provision of at least 5 motorcycles for the missionaries that are working in the interiors to run the work easily.

THURSDAY 24TH ECWA ZAMBIA

  • Pray for the three congregations in Zambia- Kitwe, Luanshiya and Mufilira – for God’s direction as they meet to map out schedules for 2019.
  • Also pray for these churches to embrace evangelism and giving for the gospel.
  • Pray for the Zambian team of our missionaries as they focus on the fields that God will give thempatience and commitment.

FRIDAY 25TH ECWA CAMEROON Pray for some of the EMS missionaries in Cameroon that are in dire need of motorcycles for the progress of the work.

SATURDAY 26TH ECWA MALI

  • Let’s be in prayers for Sister Edith Aboubakar who encountered the Lord through the prison ministry of the Amahs (our missionary in Mali). She has left Mali to return home as a free woman. Ask that the Lord will increase upon her grace to be steadfast and stay committed to serving God in truth and in spirit.
  • Let’s also uphold our sister Hauwa who gave her life to Christ through the house fellowship ministry Mrs. Amah started. Pray for good understanding of the Word as she is descipled; ask the Lord to keep her focused and steadfast as she struggles with the issues of her husband leaving to marry another wife.
  • Continue to pray for God’s provision for the Amahs to care for some of sister Hauwa’s needs.
  • The foundation-laying process of the permanent site of ECWA Mali has stopped for lack of cash;please pray for God’s provision for the progress of the work.

WEEK FIVE – FOCUS ON OTHER EMS MISSION UNITS

Preach the word; be ready in season and out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with great patience and instruction. 2 Timothy 4:2

SUNDAY 27TH EMS TRAINING UNIT Thank God for the impact of all our trainings and programs in 2018. Pray that this year our trainings and programs will receive wider acceptance with greater multiplication and that believers and leaders will truly be equipped to fulfill the Great Commission. Pray for our Staff Retreat.

MONDAY 28th EMS HOUSE OF HOPE-GIDAN BEGE

  • Praise God for the provision of funds to buy 13 wheelchairs to our targeted handicapped women and children.
  • Praise God for the miraculous provision for kids’ Christmas clothes and grains for the year 2019.
  • Praise God for the provision of admissions for some of our kids into tertiary institutions; pray forprovisions for their upkeep in school and for God’s divine protection as they resume.
  • Pray for EMS HOUSE OF HOPE’s Consultant for safety; he traveled to the US to see his family.

TUESDAY 29TH EMS RELIEF UNITAsk the Lord for help from above as EMS empowers widows, orphans and the less-privileged through this unit. Pray that the Lord will open doors of grace and supply to EMS as we seek new avenues to raise money for this effort.

WEDNESDAY 30TH MISSIONARY KIDS Pray for the children of missionaries and pastors, that the good Father will shield them from mischief of the devil and strengthen them in their call to follow the Lord In this year 2019 and beyond.

THURSDAY 31TH EMS NATIONAL MISSION CONFRENCE EMS is trusting God to bring together all its missionaries from all its mission fields across Nigeria to converge in a conference at the headquarters in Jos in April. Pray for financial support for the conference.

THANK YOU FOR PRAYING WITH US THROUGH THE FIRST MONTH OF THE YEAR 2019. MAY THE LORD RENEW YOUR STRENGTH AND ALSO INCREASE UPON YOU GRACE AS YOU CONTINUE WITH US IN THIS PARTNERSHIP. SHALOM!!!



An International Look at the Single-Parent Family

by Ludger Woessmann Students from single-parent families perform significantly lower in math than students from two-parent families in virtually all countries. To a large extent, however, this achievement gap reflects differences in socioeconomic background, as measured by the number of books at home and parental education, rather than family structure alone.

When Daniel Patrick Moynihan raised the issue of family structure half a century ago, his concern was the increase in black families headed by women. Since then, the share of children raised in single-parent families in the United States has grown across racial and ethnic groups and with it evidence regarding the impact of family structure on outcomes for children. Recent studies have documented a sizable achievement gap between children who live with a single parent and their peers growing up with two parents. These patterns are cause for concern, as educational achievement is a key driver of economic prosperity for both individuals and society as a whole.

But how does the U.S. situation compare to that of other countries around the world? This essay draws on data from the 2000 and 2012 Program for International Student Assessment studies to compare the prevalence of single-parent families and how family structure relates to children’s educational achievement across countries. The 2012 data confirm that the U.S. has nearly the highest incidence of single-parent families among developed countries. And the educational achievement gap between children raised in single-parent and two-parent families, although present in virtually all countries, is particularly pronounced in the U.S.

Since 2000, there have been substantial changes in achievement gaps by family structure in many countries, with the gap widening in some countries and narrowing in others. The U.S. stands out in this analysis as a country that has seen a substantial narrowing of the educational achievement gap between children from single-parent and two-parent families. These varying trends, and the pattern for the U.S. in particular, confirm that family structure is by no means destiny. Ample evidence indicates the potential for enhancing family environments, regardless of their makeup, to improve the quality of parenting, nurturing, and stimulation, and promote healthy child development.

Evidence on Family Structure

The effect of family structure on child outcomes is a much-studied subject, and many researchers, including Sara McLanahan and Gary Sandefur (Growing up with a Single Parent, 1994), have explored the potentially adverse effects of single parenting on children. Single parents tend to have fewer financial resources, for example, limiting their ability to invest in their children’s development. Single parents may also have less time to spend with their children, and partnership instability may subject these parents to psychological and emotional stresses that worsen the nurturing environment for children.

Documented disadvantages of growing up in single-parent families in the United States include lower educational attainment and greater psychological distress, as well as poor adult outcomes in areas such as employment, income, and marital status. Disadvantages for children from single-parent families have also been documented in other countries, including Canada, Germany, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. But cross-country evidence has been difficult to obtain, in part because of differing methods for measuring family structure and child outcomes. The PISA studies, which asked representative samples of 15-year-olds in each participating country the same questions about their living arrangements, provide a unique opportunity to address this challenge.

At the same time, it should be noted that the descriptive patterns documented here do not necessarily capture a causal effect of living in a single-parent family. Decisions to get divorced, end cohabitation, or bear a child outside a partnership are likely related to other factors important for child development, making it difficult to separate out the influence of family structure. For example, severe stress that leads to family breakup might well have continued without the breakup and have led to worse outcomes for a child had the family remained intact. If single-parent families differ from two-parent families in unmeasured ways, then those differences may be the underlying cause of any disparities in children’s outcomes. It is even conceivable that problems a child has in school may contribute to family breakup, rather than being a consequence of it.

In addition to comparing the raw gap in educational achievement between children from single- and two-parent families, I present results that adjust for other background differences, including the number of books at home, parental education, and immigrant and language background. This type of analysis can provide useful information about the reasons educational achievement varies with family structure. It is important to keep in mind, however, that even these adjusted associations between child outcomes and family structure may well have causes other than family structure itself.

The Data

The Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) is an internationally standardized assessment given every three years since 2000 by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). PISA tests the math, science, and reading achievement of representative samples of 15-year-old students in each participating country. This analysis is limited to the 28 countries that were OECD members and PISA participants in 2000.

In nearly all countries, students living in single-parent families have lower achievement on average than students living in two-parent families.

PISA collects a rich array of background information in student questionnaires. Students report whether a mother (including stepmother or foster mother) usually lives at home with them, and similarly a father (including stepfather or foster father). By including students living with step- and foster parents, the group of students identified as living in two-parent families will include some students who have experienced a family separation. It is possible that, as a result, any differences between students from single- and from two-parent families will be understated in the analysis. Evidence from 2000, the one year for which it is possible to separate out students living with stepparents, suggests that this is indeed the case. In the international sample, the achievement difference would be 16 points rather than 14 points if stepparents were excluded from the two-parent families.

I limit the analysis to students who live with either one or two parents, excluding students living with neither parent and students for whom information on either the father or the mother is missing. On average across countries, 1.6 percent of students with available data from 2012 do not live with any parent (1.9 percent in the United States) and 7 percent of the total student population (11 percent in the United States) have missing data on whether a mother and/or father lives at home with them. My total 2012 sample contains more than 230,000 students or about 8,500 students per country on average. The U.S. sample consists of more than 4,300 students living in either single-parent (student lives with either mother or father only) or two-parent (student lives with both mother and father) families.

Single-Parent Families and Student Achievement

Single-Parent Families and Student Achievement

In the United States, in 2012, 21 percent of 15-year-old students lived in single-parent families (see Figure 1). Together with Hungary (also 21 percent), this puts the United States at the top among the countries. On average across all 28 countries, the share of single-parent families is 14 percent. New Zealand also has a share higher than 20 percent, while the Czech Republic has 18 percent, and Poland, the United Kingdom, Finland, Mexico, Denmark, and France have shares between 15 and 17 percent. At the other end of the spectrum, Greece, Korea, Italy, and Sweden have shares between 8.8 and 9.6 percent; Spain, Iceland, Norway, Ireland, and the Netherlands each have shares between 10 and 11.3 percent.

The vast majority of single-parent families are families with a single mother. On average across countries, 86 percent of single-parent families are headed by single mothers. In the United States, the figure is 84 percent.

To compare student achievement across countries, I focus on test scores in math, which are most readily comparable across countries. (Results for science and reading achievement in 2012, documented in the unabridged version of this study, are quite similar.) In each subject, PISA measures achievement on a scale that has a student-level standard deviation of 100 test-score points across OECD countries. That is, any achievement differences can be interpreted as percentages of a standard deviation in test scores, with one standard deviation in test-score performance representing between three and four years of learning on average. To illustrate, the average difference in math achievement between the two grade levels in our sample with the largest shares of 15-year-olds (9th and 10th grade) is 28 test-score points, which is a little more than one-quarter of a standard deviation and roughly equivalent to one year of learning or one grade level.

In nearly all countries, students living in single-parent families have lower achievement on average than students living in two-parent families (see Figure 2a). In the United States, the average raw achievement difference in math between students living in two-parent families and students living in single-parent families is 27 points, or roughly one grade level. The United States is one of six countries with achievement differences larger than 25 points. Belgium has the largest disparity in math achievement by family structure, at 35 points, followed by the Netherlands (29), and Poland, Japan, and the United Kingdom (27 to 28). On average across the 28 countries, students living in single-parent families score 18 points lower than students living in two-parent families.

There are exceptions, however. Mexico shows no achievement difference by family structure, and the difference is statistically insignificant in Portugal as well. The achievement difference is below 10 points in Portugal (6), Italy (7), Austria (8), and Germany (9).

Figure 3 plots these achievement gaps by family structure against the countries’ shares of students living in single-parent families. There is a slight tendency for countries with higher shares of single-parent families to have larger achievement disparities, although the correlation is not statistically significant.

The United States stands out in this figure in terms of the prevalence of single-parent families and the associated achievement gap. Belgium and the Netherlands exhibit the highest achievement disparities, although single parenthood is not particularly prevalent in these countries. The southern European countries (Greece, Italy, Portugal, and Spain) stand out as places with relatively low achievement disparities and relatively low prevalence of single parenthood. The German-speaking countries (Austria, Germany, and Switzerland) show similarly low achievement disparities despite their higher prevalence of single parenthood. The Asian countries (Korea and Japan) have lower levels of single-parent families but higher achievement disparities. The Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden) all have similarly middling levels of achievement disparities despite varying levels of single-parenthood incidence. Finally, the eastern European countries (Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland) have quite different achievement disparities despite the consistently high incidence of single-parent families.

The four quadrants divide the countries according to the degree of impact the prevalence of single-parent families is likely to have over the long term. For countries in the top right cell that have high values on both variables—the United States being the leading example—single parenthood may constitute a major concern for the next generation. It is quite prevalent, and the associated achievement gap is quite large. In countries in the bottom right cell, such as Hungary and Mexico, single parenthood is also quite common, but the achievement disparity is less severe. While single parenthood is less prevalent in the countries in the top left cell, such as the Netherlands and Ireland, the achievement difference is large and may still constitute a serious problem for affected students. Finally, in the bottom left cell, for countries, including Italy and Spain, where single parenthood is less prevalent and achievement disparities relatively small, there is less cause for concern.

Adjusting for Background Differences

The achievement differences reported so far are raw differences, not adjusted for background differences between students from single- and two-parent families. These raw differences may capture effects of disadvantaged backgrounds, as distinct from any independent effects of single parenthood. To provide a sense of the extent to which this might be the case, we next control for differences in family background beyond family structure.

In particular, we hold constant the number of books in the student’s home (as a proxy for socioeconomic background), the highest education level of the parent(s), immigration status (native, first-, and second-generation immigrants), and whether the national language is spoken at home. All these measures are strongly associated with student achievement, and across countries, books in the home and parental education tend to be negatively associated with single parenthood. In the cross-sectional data, though, we cannot observe whether some of these measures are preexisting characteristics of the families, in which case they represent potential biases, or whether they are an outcome of single parenthood.

Controlling for background factors has a substantial impact on the estimated achievement disparity between students living in single- and two-parent families (see Figure 2c). In the United States, the achievement disparity declines by more than 60 percent, from 27 to 10 points. On average across all countries, the disparity is reduced by half, from 18 to 9 points. While the United States still features above-average achievement differences by family structure after the adjustment, in absolute terms it differs less markedly from the international average. The countries with the largest adjusted achievement gap by family background are Belgium (22), Poland (21), and the Netherlands (17). In 12 countries, the adjusted achievement gap is below 5 points, or less than half the adjusted achievement gap in the United States. In seven countries, after the adjustment, the achievement disparity by family structure is no longer statistically significant. In Korea and Portugal, the adjusted relationship even turns negative.

With the exception of Mexico and Switzerland, where controlling for background factors hardly affects the results, the adjusted gaps are smaller in all countries than in the initial analysis. In the majority of countries (19 out of 28), the reduction in the achievement disparity between students in single- and two-parent families from controlling for observed factors is in the range of 40 to 80 percent of the raw difference in achievement.

The background factors do not contribute equally to the reduction in the achievement gap, however. In fact, controlling only for the number of books at home reduces the achievement gap by family structure across all countries to 9 points. By contrast, immigration status and language spoken at home hardly contribute to the reduction. This pattern is quite similar in the United States. That is, in the international sample, roughly half of the achievement difference between students living in single- and two-parent families simply reflects differences in socioeconomic status as captured by the number of books in the home.

With the available data, it is impossible to determine whether the relative lack of books in single-parent homes mostly reflects a preexisting feature of the families or whether it is (at least partly) an outcome of the family structure. The number of books may to some extent reflect the number of people living in the home. Figure 2b presents achievement differences between students living in single- and two-parent families, controlling for parental education, immigration status, and language spoken at home, but not for books at home. At 19 points, this alternative adjusted achievement gap in the United States lies roughly midway between the raw difference (27) and the gap as adjusted for books at home as well as the other characteristics (10). On average across countries, the achievement gap in this model is 15 points. Thus, while controlling for books at home may well capture in part the effect of family structure, some of the overall achievement gap clearly reflects preexisting

Of course, the background factors considered here by no means capture all relevant differences in family background, although they have been found to be particularly relevant for student achievement. The adjusted achievement gaps by family structure above may partly reflect additional differences in family background rather than family structure alone.

Changes Over Time 

Finally, I analyze trends in the patterns over time. To do so, I perform the same analyses as above with data from
the 2000 PISA study, when the first of these surveys was administered. (See unabridged version for details.) Over the period from 2000 to 2012, the share of 15-year-olds living in single-parent families increased from 18 to 21 percent in the United States, and from 12 to 14 percent on average in the international sample, although there are substantial differences across countries. The average achievement gap in the international sample also increased by 33 percent, from 13.6 to 18 points.

ednext_XV_2_woessmann_fig04-small

In general, countries with larger increases in the incidence of single parenthood from 2000 to 2012 tended to have larger increases in the achievement gap by family structure as well. The U.S. is a clear outlier from this pattern, however. The raw difference in math achievement between students from single- and two-parent families in the U.S. was substantially higher in 2000 than in 2012, at 37 points compared to 27 points (see Figure 4). Thus, over the course of 12 years, the achievement gap in the U.S. declined by 29 percent. In 2000, only the Netherlands, with a gap of 43 points, had a larger achievement gap than the United States. Korea (26) and Belgium (21) follow at some distance. At the other end, seven countries had achievement gaps lower than 5 points in 2000 (Iceland, Switzerland, Greece, Italy, Czech Republic, Ireland, and Mexico).

Conclusions

Single parenthood is prevalent in virtually all OECD countries, but the share of single-parent families is particularly high in the United States. Students from single-parent families perform significantly lower in math than students from two-parent families in virtually all countries. To a large extent, however, this achievement gap reflects differences in socioeconomic background, as measured by the number of books at home and parental education, rather than family structure alone. The United States belongs to the group of countries with the largest achievement gaps by family structure, although the United States was more exceptional in this regard in 2000 than in 2012. While the achievement gap between students from single- and two-parent families increased in most other OECD countries over the period, it declined in the United States.

This variation in trends shows that achievement disparities by family structure are by no means destiny. Ample evidence reveals that it is possible to enhance family environments to improve the quality of parenting, nurturing, and stimulation, and thereby promote healthy child development. Future research should investigate to what extent factors such as differing welfare systems, child support facilities, divorce regulations, and other country characteristics may lie behind the differences in achievement gaps between students from single- and two-parent families across countries and over time.

Read the original article here.

Ludger Woessmann

Ludger Woessmann is professor of economics at the University of Munich and director of the Ifo Center for the Economics of Education.



Praise & Prayer, December 2018

EMS OF ECWA
PRAISE & PRAYER, DECEMBER 2018

Prayer/Counseling hotline: 08033673654, 08051614880
E-mail: prayerpromotion@emsofecwa.org
Website: www.emsofecwa.org
Brethren, pray for us (1 Thess. 5:25)
WEEK ONE – FOCUS IS ON PRAISE/THANKSGIVING
FROM HOME AND CROSS-BOARDER MISSION FIELDS
“Praise the Lord, all people on earth, praise his glory and might.” (1 Chronicles 16:28)

 

SATURDAY 1ST
Praise God for sustaining EMS as an organization, protection and provision for missionaries and for safety in all our travels through the year 2018.

SUNDAY 2ND
Praise God for the life of our numerous supporters and partners. Despite the overwhelming economic challenges in recent times, they have not relented in their commitments by praying, giving and also engaging with us in going to the mission fields.

NOTE: WE ARE FASTING TOMORROW
FIRST (1ST) MONDAY OF EVERY MONTH IS TO BE OBSERVED NATIONALLY AND INTERNATIONALLY AS EMS PRAYER AND FASTING DAY. THEREFORE, ALL EMS ARMS, MISSIONARIES, OFFICE STAFF, PRAYER PARTNERS AND SUPPORTERS SHOULD PLEASE ENDEAVOR TO JOIN THE EMS INTERNATIONAL HEAD OFFICE IN PRAYERS. WE JOIN FAITH AND TRUST GOD IN ONE ACCORD WITH BRETHREN AROUND THE WORLD FOR A STEADY AND FRUITFUL GROWTH OF THE WORK OF MISSIONS, PEACE AND THE SALVATION OF NATIONS, FOR REVIVAL AND SPIRITUAL GROWTH OF THE CHURCH. OUR COOPERATE PRAYER TIME AT THE HEAD OFFICE IS 8-9AM, 12-1PM, AND 3-4 PM RESPECTIVELY. YOU CAN JOIN US IN PRAYERS WHEREVER YOU MAY BE AT THOSE TIMES OR MAKE OUT TIME OF YOUR OWN CONVENIENCE AS YOU ARE LED BY GOD. PLEASE, JUST BE SURE TO PRAY ALONG AS YOU FAST.

MONDAY 3RD
Praise God for the calmness and normalcy that is returning to Kasuwan-Magani in the North West Region after the crises that erupted and claimed a handful of lives. Also, praise God for protecting our missionaries working in this locality that neither they nor their family members were injured or lost their life.

  • Let’s not relent in praying for God’s divine cover over His children in Nigeria and in other parts of the world.

TUESDAY 4TH
Praise God for the roofing of Zamfarawa station’s church auditorium by an anonymous supporter. Pray that God will bless him and his family.

WEDNESDAY 5TH
Praise God for allowing ECWA Mali to be represented in the world mission conference in Abidjan on 29th October to 2nd November 2018; Praise God for the safety granted to all those who attended the conference.

THURSDAY 6TH
Praise God for using ECWA WUSE2 to provide a motorcycle to Pastor Lawrence Nuhu who is in the mission field in Niger Republic for the propagation of the Gospel.

  • Praise God for his sustaining grace on one of our new converts at Koukan Kwaddi, Niger Republic. Pray as he grows spiritually, that he would stand firm in the Lord’s mighty power.

FRIDAY 7TH
Praise God for the efforts of Rev. & Mrs. Amos Olugbenga, a missionary couple in Benin Republic, for the commencement of a prayer house in Aglansa community. Many lives were saved and some rededicated their lives to Christ in the community as they intensified their efforts of reaching out to these people.

  • Praise God for the successful completion of Mrs. Amos Olugbenga’s education program. They are indeed grateful to God and to EMS leadership for their support and encouragement.

SATURDAY 8TH
Praise God for the fruitful evangelism organized by the Coordinator (Rev. Moise Batein). Pray for the spiritual growth of all converts made during the program.

  • Praise God for the progress of the work of EMS in Cameroon and also pray for the commitment of all missionaries serving in Cameroon.

WEEK TWO – FOCUS IS ON EMS HOME MISSION FIELDS
But He said to them, “I must preach the kingdom of God to the other cities also, for I was sent for this purpose. Luke 4:43

SUNDAY 9TH
EMS MANAGEMENT: Pray that EMS Management Team will continue to be faithful to God. Ask that He help them to always seek His direction in life and ministry.

MONDAY 10TH
EMS BOARD MEMBERS: Ask the Lord to please keep EMS Board Members humble and always relying upon him to give them the perfect wisdom and direction that they need to strategize and advise EMS leadership on how to move the ministry forward.

TUESDAY 11TH
EMS SUPPORTERS: Ask the Lord to grant open doors for many who pledge to support EMS to fulfill their pledge.

WEDNESDAY 12TH
ECWA EXECUTIVES: Ask the Lord to encourage ECWA Executives by the power of His Spirit. Let their souls be refreshed with the love of Christ. Let them have faith for the future. Ask that he help them to keep pressing forward even when the way is littered with landmines. Let them be refreshed by the fact that His grace is sufficient for them.

THURSDAY 13TH
THE ECWA MINISTERS/STAKEHOLDERS: Ask the Lord to protect ALL ECWA PASTORS/MISSIONARIES from the deceitfulness of sin that we all are so prone to fall into. Pray that He guard and keep their hearts pure and tender. Pray that the Father keeps them close to Him and also burden their heart daily with the souls of the lost.

FRIDAY 14TH
CENTRAL REGION – GARKI DCC: Praise God for adding three more partners to EMS from this region; Ask the Lord to bless them and to grant them grace to stay steadfast to their commitment to partner with EMS.

SATURDAY 15TH
NORTH WEST REGION – KADUNA: Ask the Lord to comfort the families of Pastor Samanja Katuka, an EMS Missionary in the North West Region, who lost his wife to an accident.

WEEK THREE – FOCUS IS ON EMS HOME MISSION FIELDS
He said to them, “Let us go somewhere else to the towns nearby, so that I may preach there also; for that is what I came for.” Mark 1:38

SUNDAY 16TH
MID CENTRAL REGION- KAGORO: Pray for the protection of our missionaries in some rural places in this region who have often been threatened by the Fulani herdsmen, especially during this harvest period.

MONDAY 17TH
SOUTH NORTH EAST REGION: JALINGO. Ask the Lord to grant peace and normalcy to the Yandang community who have been displaced as a result of attacks from terrorists. Pray especially for a firm foundation for the believers who can’t gather for worship in their usual churches. Also pray that the pastors of all the churches that are currently closed due to these attacks will stay focused and be guided in seeing areas the Lord will have them serve Him during this challenging period.

TUESDAY 18TH
FAR NORTH – KATSINA DCC: Pray for the sick missionaries. Mohammed Seth from Kano suffers from an unidentified respiratory issue and Mrs. Emmanuel Adamu suffers from waist pain.

WEDNESDAY 19TH
THE SOUTH EAST REGION: Pray for God’s wisdom as strategies are put in place to reach out to the 12 targeted unreached areas in this region.

FRIDAY 21ST
MID EAST REGION: Pray for one of our stations called DARI Prayer Station, Arusu LCC, Keffi DCC. In this village 90% are idol worshippers and are in the practice of female circumcision there at the age of eight. Pray for one family convert who is now a member of ECWA. Pray for our field missionaries who are facing all sorts of challenges.

SATURDAY 22ND
EMS CHILDREN/MISSION FIELD SCHOOLS: Ask the Lord to keep all our kids and teachers from all EMS Mission Field Schools safe during the Christmas break.

WEEK FOUR: FOCUS ON CROSS-BORDERS MISSION FIELDS
But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you; and you shall be My witnesses both in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and even to the remotest part of the earth.” Acts 1:8

SUNDAY 23RD
Praise God for a fruitful ministry in the 18 countries that EMS is reaching out to despite many obvious challenges faced by the office and the cross border missionaries. The Lord in His mercy has been faithful to His work in our hands from January until today.

MONDAY 24TH
ECWA CAMEROON: Pray for some of the EMS missionaries in Cameroon that are in dire need of motorcycles for God’s provision for the progress of the work.

TUESDAY 25TH
ECWA TOGO: Pray for God to provide support for the completion of the building of a mission church in Kaboli that is ongoing.

  • Pray for God to provide EMS of ECWA Togo with a vehicle for the purpose of coordination of the mission work.
  • Pray for God’s provision to acquire a land for ECWA Togo Headquarters. Two hectares of land for ECWA HEADQUARTERS OF TOGO OFFICE is estimated to cost about Five Million Naira only (.5,000,000.00) in Sokode.

WEDNESDAY 26TH
ECWA ZAMBIA: Praise God for a successful take-off of ECWA (Kawama) in Mufilira on 4th November, 2018.

  • Thank God for Edith Fred Chitundu, the wife of our volunteer, who is working hard alongside her husband and Mrs. Kuzasuwat to build and encourage the women in this new mission station.
  • Pray for Geoffrey Mulenga as he leads this new church in Mufilira.

THURSDAY 27TH
ECWA MALI: Keep praying along with the Amahs for .5,000 bags of grains project among the 21 Dogan villages (not enough rains and the communal crisis has stopped many from going to their
farms).

  • Keep praying for Rev. & Mrs. Amah’s partnership on children and film ministry in Mali for open doors and effectiveness.
  • The foundation-laying process of the permanent site of ECWA Mali has stopped for lack of cash, please pray for God’s provision for the progress of the work.

FRIDAY 28TH
BENIN REPUBLIC: Please ask God for support for Rev. Amos Olugbenga’s mentees who have made up their minds to attend Seminary.

  • Pray that God will provide for EMS of ECWA so that more missionaries can be sent to the Benin Republic field as the ministry is gradually growing to the glory of God.

SATURDAY 29TH
ECWA MALAWI: Pray and thank God for God’s guidance and protection over the Mamman’s who experienced a security challenge from unknown people after the two conferences that took place in Malawi this last quarter.

  • Thank God for the successful completion of the Church and Community Mobilization Process (CCMP) training by the POD of ECWA within the month of October. Pastors and their wives, elders and some members participated in the training and it was a great blessing to the Church in Malawi.
  • Ask the Lord to provide the church with a bus; it will cost .7,000,000 million kwacha, or .3.5 million naira.
  • Pray for the Lord to provide a white board to be used for teaching the literacy class and the children. The estimated cost is 160,000 Kwacha (.80, 000 naira). The wife of the Coordinator, Mrs. Dituweh, needs that for effective ministry.
  • Pray to God for His direction as Rev. Mamman searches for an apartment to rent close to the church in Blantyre.

SUNDAY 30TH
ECWA KENYA: Praise God for the efforts of the Mutungas, our missionary couple in Kenya, in running a primary school in Tukwila, Nairobi. Recently some additional classes were built and more students have enrolled in the school.

  • Pray for God to provide a land for the church and a bus for every day running of the ministry and conveyance of pupils from the community.
  • Pray for God to raise workers so that ECWA will find good footing for greater work in the years ahead.
  • Pray for our missionary, Pastor Mutunga, for God’s grace as he desires to be faithful in discharging his duty.

MONDAY 31TH
ECWA NIGER REPUBLIC: There is a need to send the three new converts who gave their lives to Christ to a discipleship center for security and prompt spiritual growth. Pray that God will give Pastor & Mrs. Lawrence Nuhu the wisdom and discernment as they search for a good center.

  • Pray for the village of KOUKAN KWADDI, that God would open their spiritual eyes to see the light of salvation and accept Jesus Christ to be their LORD and SAVIOR.

THANK YOU FOR PRAYING WITH US THROUGH THE YEAR 2018. MAY THE LORD RENEW YOUR STRENGTH AND ALSO INCREASE UPON YOU GRACE AS YOU CONTINUE WITH US IN THIS PARTNERSHIP. SHALOM!!!



Praise & Prayer, November 2018

EMS OF ECWA
PRAISE & PRAYER, NOVEMBER 2018

Prayer/Counseling hotline: 08033673654, 08051614880
E-mail: prayerpromotion@emsofecwa.org
Website: www.emsofecwa.org
Brethren, pray for us (1 Thess. 5:25)
WEEK ONE – FOCUS IS ON PRAISE/THANKSGIVING
FROM HOME AND CROSS-BOARDER MISSION FIELDS
“Shout for joy to the LORD, all the earth. Worship the LORD with gladness; come before him with joyful songs.” Psalms 100:1-2

THURSDAY 1ST
Praise God for sustaining EMS as an organization, protection and provision for missionaries and for safety in all our travels through the month of October.

FRIDAY 2ND
Praise God for sparing the life of our missionary, Pas. Adams J. Abba, who was attacked by armed robbers; they stole his laptop and other valuables. Let’s keep praying for the safety of our missionaries on the field.

SATURDAY 3RD
Praise God for the community nursery and primary school that was handed over to EMS by the Oseni community in Mid Central Region for proper running. Ask the Lord to grant EMS grace to manage the school holistically and to provide godly, creative teachers to run the school.

SUNDAY 4TH
Praise God for the provision of another motorcycle to EMS for Rev. Daglo, the missionary in Angwan Jatau mission station, EMS Central Region. The bike was donated by the ECWA Central Church. A group of passionate widows in ECWA Wuse ii also donated four generators to our missionaries in Central Region. Ask the Lord to bless these donors.

FOCUS IS ON EMS HOME MISSION FIELDS
“Who among you fears the LORD and obeys the word of His Servant? Let the one who walks in the dark, who has no light, trust in the name of the LORD and rely on their God.” Isaiah 50:10
 
NOTE: WE ARE FASTING TOMORROW
FIRST (1st) MONDAY OF EVERY MONTH IS TO BE OBSERVED NATIONALLY AND INTERNATIONALLY AS EMS PRAYER AND FASTING DAY. THEREFORE, ALL EMS ARMS, MISSIONARIES, OFFICE STAFF, PRAYER PARTNERS AND SUPPORTERS SHOULD PLEASE ENDEAVOR TO JOIN THE EMS INTERNATIONAL HEAD OFFICE IN PRAYERS. WE JOIN FAITH AND TRUST GOD IN ONE ACCORD WITH BRETHREN AROUND THE WORLD FOR A STEADY AND FRUITFUL GROWTH OF THE WORK OF MISSIONS, PEACE AND THE SALVATION OF NATIONS, FOR REVIVAL AND SPIRITUAL GROWTH OF THE CHURCH. OUR CORPORATE PRAYER TIME AT THE HEAD OFFICE IS 8-9AM, 12-1PM, AND 3-4 PM RESPECTIVELY. YOU CAN JOIN US IN PRAYERS WHEREVER YOU MAY BE AT THOSE TIMES OR MAKE OUT TIME OF YOUR OWN CONVENIENCE AS YOU ARE LED BY GOD. PLEASE, JUST BE SURE TO PRAY ALONG AS YOU FAST.

MONDAY 5TH EMS BOARD MEMBERS

  • Pray for safety for all EMS board members as they travel to attend their works, business and ministries this month.
  • Ask that God will grant satisfaction and joy to all EMS board members in the performance of their duties as Board Members.

TUESDAY 6TH EMS SUPPORTERS
Ask the Lord to grant open doors for many who pledge to support EMS to fulfill their pledges.

WEDNESDAY 7TH ECWA EXECUTIVES
Pray that the ECWA President, Vice President, ECWA General Secretary, Assistant General Secretary and treasurer will be spiritually prepared at all times for the work and war they are sure to face on a daily basis.

THURSDAY 8TH ECWA MINISTERS/STAKEHOLDERS

  • Pray for ECWA members, pastors, and stakeholders to have strength, growth, and success in fulfilling God’s disciple-making mandate in their life.
  • Pray for the Holy Spirit’s direction, sanctification, and governance in their work so that the Gospel of Christ may be preached in Truth, truly received, and truly followed in all places.

FRIDAY 9TH MUSLIM BACKGROUND CONVERTS

  • Pray for the converts/believers who have been rejected by family and friends. Pray that God would surround them with a new Christian “family” who will love and support them emotionally and physically.
  • Pray for God to be an advocate for women who are socially vulnerable or have lost the custody of their children because of their Christian faith.

SATURDAY 10TH NORTH WEST REGION – KADUNA

  • Praise God for the weaning of Boham Prayer House to a full-fledged church; pray that God will grant this church a self-sustaining grace.
  • Ask the Lord to comfort the families of Mrs. Laurence Adeoye, an EMS supporter, and the family of Pas. Robert Dangombe, our missionary at Kubacha DCC, who both passed on to glory last month.

WEEK THREE – FOCUS IS ON EMS HOME MISSION FIELDS
I proclaim righteousness in the great assembly; I do not seal my lips…Ps 40:9 NIV

SUNDAY 11TH CENTRAL REGION GARKI DCC

Praise God for the 53 EMS missionaries that were trained on “Evangelism and Follow-up” by the ECWA Goodnews Maitama Church in collaboration with Richard Gardiner’s Ministry. Ask the Lord to bless the trainers and for the missionaries to put into effective use all that they learnt from the training.

MONDAY 12TH FAR NORTH – KATSINA DCC

  • We give God the glory for answered prayers over the return of animals stolen from Adamu Garba in Jigawa DCC. By the grace of God, the animals were returned exactly as prayed for. Praise the Lord!
  • Pray for Mr. Yohanna Musa, one of our supporter in Katsina DCC, he is seriously sick; pray for his quick recovery.

TUESDAY 13TH MANAGEMENT

  • Pray for safety for all management staff who will be meeting today for the second to the last management meeting holding today at EMS headquarters in Jos; also pray for the success of the meeting.
  • Let’s not relent in praying for more wisdom on EMS Management Team as they make decisions affecting the Head Office, Regional, DCC, and various levels in the ministry.

WEDNESDAY 14th MID CENTRAL REGION- KAGORO

  • Praise God for ECWA 2 Kafanchan who added 4 missionaries to the 1 they were supporting (they now support 5). We thank God for the Women’s Fellowship G/Waya DCC who also added 1 more to the 1 they were supporting (they now support 2)
  • Pray for the willingness to continue the support of these missionaries.

THURSDAY 15TH NORTH CENTRAL REGION-JOS

  • Pray for the following missionaries who are retiring this year. Rev. Shehu Yakubu in Bauchi DCC 15/12/2018, Rev. Dachung Pam in Bukuru DCC February 2019 and Pst. Dauda Madaki in Yelwa DCC.
  • Pray for Pst. Samaila A. Kure whose wedding is coming on 16/12/2018 in Miango DCC.
  • Pray for some of our coordinators who are in need of motorcycles for effective ministry in Miango DCC, Toro DCC, and Zabolo DCC.

FRIDAY 16TH SOUTH NORTH EAST REGION, JALINGO
Ask the Lord to grant provision for the Yamel DCC mission conference which commenced today, 16-17th; also pray for safety for all who will be traveling to attend the programme.

SATURDAY 17TH.NORTH EAST REGION – GOMBE

  • Praise God for sparing the family of Rev. Mohammadu Adamu of Tangale DCC, during the armed robbers attack in Garwa village on Sept 6. Although they did away with some of their valuables, the Lord spared their lives.
  • Our missionary Pastor Yusuf Isah had an accident on a motorcycle; pray for a complete recovery.

WEEK FOUR: FOCUS ON OTHER EMS MISSION ARMS
“The fruit of the righteous is a tree of life and the one who is wise saves lives.” Prov. 11:30

SUNDAY 18th EMS HOUSE OF HOPE
Thank God – we have successfully admitted 15 new boys and 9 new girls into the ministry. We have identified drug addicts all over. We have started a new ministry to reach them called “Celebrate Recovery”; pray with us for God’s direction and success.

MONDAY 19th EMS CHILDREN/MISSION FIELD SCHOOLS

  • Praise God for the 186 children that have been admitted to EMS Children School for the 2018/2019 Academic Session. Pray that these kids will recognize their need for a vibrant academic commitment and intimate relationship with the Lord Jesus.
  • Pray that many unbelieving children in the schools will encounter the good Father.

TUESDAY 20TH EMS CHILDREN/MISSION FIELD SCHOOLS
Ask the Lord for a financial opening to missionary parents and other parents struggling to pay their children’s school fees.
Pray for increased wisdom and grace for effective teaching in all EMS Children and Mission Field Schools.

WEDNESDAY 21ST EMS SECURITY PERSONNEL
Considering the increased security threat posed to Christian organizations, especially in this last quarter of the year, pray for our security personnel, that they would be vigilant, diligent, and sensitive to any threats to EMS staff and facilities.

THURSDAY 22ND EMS TRAVEL UNIT
Ask the Lord to guide and protect EMS drivers from accidents and keep them free from harm on their journeys. Pray that He would support them with His grace when they are tired and also help them to be patient in any trouble which may come their way. Ask that He keep them always mindful of His presence and love.

FRIDAY 23RD ECWA TV MINISTRY
Pray for ECWA TV Ministry for more financial support and for the Holy Spirit’s leading, as a lot of work is ongoing for the take-off of this very important ministry.

SATURDAY 24TH EMS MEDICAL UNIT

  • Pray for God’s healing on: Pst. Makayi Maijinkai, Mrs. Jock Waziri, Mrs. Jude Marfun, Pst. Phenihas Philemon, Rev. Shehu Yakubu, Rev. Marikina Galadima, Mrs. Titus Dangu and Rev. Samuel John.
  • Ask the Lord to protect missionary doctors and nurses and all He has called them to care for the sick and prevent disease in various mission fields. Pray that He strengthens them in body and soul as He blesses their work of their hands.

WEEK FOUR: FOCUS ON CROSS-BORDERS MISSION FIELDS
How great you are, Sovereign LORD! There is no one like you, and there is no God but you, as we have heard with our own ears.” 2 Samuel 7: 22

SUNDAY 25TH ECWA TOGO

  • Praise God for the successful take-off of ECWA THEOLOGICAL SCHOOL TOGO last month.
  • Pray for God’s provision for the purchase of church lands of ECWA Togo for the following mission fields: Zanguera at 7.5M, Notse at 3M, Pagouda at N400, 000, and University at 20M.
  • Pray for the provision of at least 5 motorcycles for the missionaries that are working in the interior regions.

MONDAY 26TH ECWA ZAMBIA
Thank God with us for two new volunteers to serve as church planters. Pray that God would open a way to fund their ministry by raising supporters.

TUESDAY 27TH ECWA MALI

  • Praise God for the new converts made in Mali this month by the Amahs, pray also for them to abide in faith regardless of hardship.
  • Praise God that we are almost the completion to renew the ECWA Mali church registration.
  • Also thank God for the healing of Rev. & Mrs. Amah’s children from some terrible skin rashes, as a result of the scorching heat.
  • Foundation laying process of the permanent site of ECWA Mali has stopped for lack of cash, please pray for God’s provision for the progress of the work.

WEDNESDAY 28TH BENIN REPUBLIC

  • Praise God for the successful three days outreach program by Rev Amos Olugbenga which led to many fruits. Their projector got burnt during the programme. Pray that God will provide the way to fix or replace it.
  • Praise God for His provision to enable Rev. Amos Olugbenga to complete the construction of a place of worship on the purchased church land. They were able to build it from support they received from friends and family; ask that God will bless the donors.
  • Pray that God will provide the manpower needed to start a prayer house in Aglansa, Benin Republic.

THURSDAY 29TH NIGER REPUBLIC

  • Pray for all the sick missionaries in Niger Republic, especially Pastor Simon Kali, who is suffering from a liver condition.
  • Pray for missionaries facing persecution from Muslims and Pagans in their various fields in Niger Republic to remain steadfast in their faith in Christ Jesus.
  • Pray for our missionaries who are searching for a quality school to place their children.

FRIDAY 30TH ECWA CHAD REPUBLIC

  • The need of clean water in some of our mission stations in Chad Republic cannot be over emphasized enough. Pray for God’s provision of the said needs in those needy communities. This prayer request comes frequently from our missionaries.
  • Pray against the fear and the worship of evil spirits, the practice of all kinds of magic in Chad Republic, which is affecting the growth of some of the churches.

THANK YOU FOR PRAYING WITH US THROUGH THE MONTH OF NOVEMBER 2018.
MORE GRACE AND GOD’S BLESSINGS AS YOU RELENTLESSLY PRAY WITH US THROUGH 2018. SHALOM!!!



Praise & Prayer, October 2018

EMS OF ECWA
PRAISE & PRAYER, OCTOBER 2018

Prayer/Counseling hotline: 08033673654, 08051614880
E-mail: prayerpromotion@emsofecwa.org
Website: www.emsofecwa.org
Brethren, pray for us (1 Thess. 5:25)
WEEK ONE – FOCUS IS ON PRAISE/THANKSGIVING
FROM HOME AND CROSS-BOARDER MISSION FIELDS
“The Lord lives! Praise be to my Rock! Exalted be God, the Rock, and my Savior! 2 Sam 22:47 (NIV)

NOTE: WE ARE FASTING ON THE FIRST
FIRST (1ST) MONDAY OF EVERY MONTH IS TO BE OBSERVED NATIONALLY AND INTERNATIONALLY AS EMS PRAYER AND FASTING DAY. THEREFORE, ALL EMS ARMS, MISSIONARIES, OFFICE STAFF, PRAYER PARTNERS AND SUPPORTERS SHOULD PLEASE ENDEAVOR TO JOIN THE EMS INTERNATIONAL HEAD OFFICE IN PRAYERS. WE JOIN FAITH AND TRUST GOD IN ONE ACCORD WITH BRETHREN AROUND THE WORLD FOR A STEADY AND FRUITFUL GROWTH OF THE WORK OF MISSIONS, PEACE AND THE SALVATION OF NATIONS, FOR REVIVAL AND SPIRITUAL GROWTH OF THE CHURCH. OUR CORPORATE PRAYER TIME AT THE HEAD OFFICE IS 8-9AM, 12-1PM, AND 3-4 PM RESPECTIVELY. YOU CAN JOIN US IN PRAYERS WHEREVER YOU MAY BE AT THOSE TIMES OR MAKE OUT TIME OF YOUR OWN CONVENIENCE AS YOU ARE LED BY GOD. PLEASE, JUST BE SURE TO PRAY ALONG AS YOU FAST.

MONDAY 1ST
Praise God for sustaining EMS as an organization and thank Him for protection and provision for missionaries and for safety in all our travels from the last quarter of this year to this present one.

TUESDAY 2ND
Praise God for His provision of finances to EMS to pay all her staff and field missionary allowances for the month of September.

WEDNESDAY 3RD
Praise God for the provision of a motor bike by ECWA Bishara 1 Jalingo to be used in the South North East Region. Ask the Lord to bless the donor.

THURSDAY 4TH
Praise God for adding two more supporters to EMS from the North West Region: Men’s Fellowship Kwoi DCC and the family of Elder J. I. Buzum.

FRIDAY 5TH
Praise God for the completion of the EMS Children School Kufana’s fence. Praise God for the success of the work and for the safety of all the workers; also pray for God’s blessings on all those who gave to the project.

SATURDAY 6TH
Praise God for the safe arrival of Rev. John Tortuman and his family in Ghana, who are taking over the ministry from the Nadabos who have returned to Nigeria safely. Ask the Lord to grant ministry grace on both the Tortumans as they continue from where the Nadabos stopped and for the Nadabos as they pick up another ministry here in Nigeria.

WEEK TWO – FOCUS IS ON EMS HOME MISSION FIELDS
As you go, preach this message: ‘The kingdom of heaven is near.’ Matt 10:7 NIV

SUNDAY 7TH EMS 2ND MISSION SUNDAY
Pray for the success of the EMS Mission Sunday which is being observed by all ECWA churches across the globe today. Ask the Lord to stir the hearts of men to give generously towards the vision of ECWA to win all by the propagation of the Gospel.

MONDAY 8TH SOUTH NORTH EAST REGION

  • Pray for the ongoing plans to wean the following mission stations before the year runs out: M/Baissa, Kungana, Ussa, Isukudi and Ungwan yarima Mission Stations.
  • Pray that peace and stability will be restored fully in Taraba so that those who fled the attacks can return to their homes, farm lands and places of worship.
  • Let’s not relent in praying for God’s continuous protection over converts in Gaji Mission Station who are being persecuted by traditional worshipers; these converts have also been stripped of their farmlands because of their faith.

TUESDAY 9TH EMS MANAGEMENT TEAM

  • Pray for safety for all management members as they travel to attend their monthly meeting, which holds today at the EMS Headquarters in Jos.
  • Ask that God will grant satisfaction and joy to all EMS Management members in the performance of their work.
  • Pray for the Holy Spirit’s guidance during the meeting.

WEDNESDAY 10TH EMS BOARD MEMBERS
Pray that EMS board members may live worthy of God’s call on our lives. Ask that as they respond to that call, may they fulfill every purpose, every faith-filled act of service by God’s power. Ask that they be clothed in righteousness with hearts that sing for joy and delight greatly in God as they think and advice EMS on crucial ministry issues that will enhance our growth.

THURSDAY 11TH EMS SUPPORTERS
Ask the Lord to grant healing to all EMS supporters at every level who are currently suffering ill health. Pray that the Lord will increase upon all supporters the perseverance to stay committed to praying and giving for the work of missions and that God’s blessings will increase upon the work of their hands and on their families.

FRIDAY 12TH ECWA EXECUTIVES
Thank God for the servant heart of the ECWA EXECUTIVE. Ask that He keep them from losing heart when ministry gets tough. Ask the Good Father to help them prove faithful with the things He has entrusted to them. May the Spirit reveal the Father’s heart to them even more. May the Lord’s favor rest upon them. Pray that He keeps them open and honest before Him and help them to represent the truth plainly.

SATURDAY 13TH ECWA MINISTERS/STAKEHOLDERS
Pray that ECWA ministers and stakeholders at every leadership level wholeheartedly give their attention to prayer and ministry of the Word. Ask that God should keep them above reproach, devoted to their families, temperate, self-controlled, respectable, hospitable and able to teach. May they be gentle and honest as they deal with people.

WEEK THREE – FOCUS IS ON EMS HOME MISSION FIELDS
I proclaim righteousness in the great assembly; I do not seal my lips…Ps 40:9NIV

SUNDAY 14th CENTRAL REGION GARKI DCC

  • Ask the Lord to grant comfort to the family of our missionaries, Pas. Hussaini Yohanna and Pas. Dimas Yinguda who lost their sons last month.
  • Ask the Lord to provide funds to build worship places in Fapo, Koji, and Eforo mission stations.

MONDAY 15TH FAR NORTH WEST REGION

  • Pray that God will intervene over the recent natural disaster that occurred as a result of heavy downpour and wild wind which affected a good number of people in the far northern part of Nigeria.
  • Let’s continue to pray for the church in Zamfara State which is frequently attacked and thus unable to meet for regular services. Pray that the Christians would not be discouraged, but would stand firm in their faith with a soft heart for unbelievers.

TUESDAY 16TH NORTH WEST REGION – KADUNA

  • Praise God for the new EMS Mission Field School that was opened in Kigin Giri Mission Station with 70 kids as pioneering pupils.
  • Pray that God will grant grace on the missionary and the teachers and that He would provide what the school needs to thrive.
  • Pray that many unbelieving children in this community and their parents will encounter the Lord through this school ministry.

WEDNESDAY 17TH NORTH EAST REGION – GOMBE

  • Ask the Lord to grant comfort to the family of our missionary, Pas. Yakub Zaradi who lost their son last month.
  • Let’s keep praying for more of God’s grace and strength on Halima Audu who gave her life to Christ and has been facing a lot of persecution and hardship.

THURSDAY 18TH SOUTH EAST REGION
Ask the Lord to stir the hearts of many in this region to be willing to support the work. Ask the Lord to grant an opening for the provision of bikes for mission stations in need of mobility.

FRIDAY 19TH SOUTH NORTH EAST REGION
Ask the Lord to grant provision for the Yamel DCC mission conference that is hoped to be held November 16th, – 17th, 2018.

SATURDAY 20TH NORTH CENTRAL REGION-JOS
Ask the Lord to grant EMS supporters in this region open doors and grace to meet up with their commitments of sponsoring missionaries. Due to the decrease of support, we have outstanding arrears of N1, 662,421.

WEEK FOUR: FOCUS ON OTHER EMS MISSION ARMS
“The fruit of the righteous is a tree of life and the one who is wise saves lives” (Proverbs 11:30, NIV)

SUNDAY 21ST EMS CRISES RELIEF & PROJECT UNIT

  • Praise God for the success recorded in EMS efforts to reach out to needy individuals and communities in crisis.
  • Pray for Brother Mark Na’ah for God’s wisdom and protection as he mobilizes resources and travels to reach out to selected needed communities throughout this last quarter of the year.
  • Pray for pastors, churches and Non-Government Organizations that they would be equiped with all they need to bring aid to crisis-affected areas in Nigeria.

MONDAY 22ND EMS CHILDREN/MISSION FIELDS SCHOOL & EMS HOUSE OF HOPE

  • Pray that the students and pupils in EMS children/mission field school & EMS House of Hope will recognize their need for a vibrant and intimate relationship with the Lord Jesus.
  • Pray for God’s continued provision for needs of these schools. Pray also for the teachers, that they would remain steadfast in their spiritual walk, be renewed daily, and exemplify
    Christ in their daily lives.
  • Ask the Lord to grant more patience and wisdom to all the men and women who are caring for these kids.

TUESDAY 23RD MISSIONARY CHILDREN AROUND THE WORLD
Ask God to please cultivate in missionary children the ability to have true humility before Him and to show true humility before all. Ask God to cloth them with the virtue of compassion and may honesty and integrity be their crown and their protection.

WEDNESDAY 24TH EMS TRAVEL UNIT
Ask the Lord to guide and protect EMS drivers from accidents and keep them free from harm of any sort on their journeys this last quarter of the year. Pray that He would support them with His grace when they are tired and also help them to be patient in any trouble which may come their way. Ask that He keep them always mindful of His presence and love.

THURSDAY 25TH EMS WIDOWS
Ask the Lord to bring these women courage and enable them to care for their families. Pray many people in the Church will care for them as we are commissioned in James 1:27.

FRIDAY 26TH EMS MEDICAL UNIT
Pray for God’s healing on: Pas. Samuel John, Pas. Habila Joshua, Pas. Harline Mela, Pas. MagajiSani, Mrs. Ruth Dikko, and Mrs. Christiana Bulus.

SATURDAY 27TH SOUTH NORTH EAST REGION
Let’s keep praying for God’s continued protection over converts in Gaji mission station who are been persecuted by traditional worshipers; these converts are also been stripped of their farmland because of their faith.

WEEK FOUR: FOCUS ON CROSS-BORDERS MISSION FIELDS
As you go, preach this message: ‘the kingdom of heaven is near.’ Matt 10:7 NIV

SUNDAY 28TH ECWA CHAD
Pray for ECWA Chad to be self-sustaining, self – supporting and self- propagating and will shine out the light to represent all that ECWA exists for in the love of God and the propagation of the Gospel of Christ.

MONDAY 29TH EMS/ECWA TOGO MISSION FIELD

  • Pray for God to provide support of a borehole for both Tota Village and Kedjida Cope Villages which amounts to N150, 000 Naira each.
  • Pray for God’s provision for us to be able to build the mission church in Kaboli. The building cost is N2, 000,000.00.
  • Pray for God to provide at least 5 motorcycles for the missionaries that are working in the interior parts of Togo to enable them to work effectively.

TUESDAY 30TH ECWA KENYA

  • Pray for the growth of the ministry school that was started by Pst. & Mrs. Mutunga. Pray that this school will continuously serve as a platform by which many will be saved.
  • Pray that God will send workers to help plant churches in areas identified for church planting in Kenya.

WEDNESDAY 31TH ECWA ZAMBIA
By God’s grace, two volunteers have been found and have replaced the ones that withdrew their services from the Zambian field. Pray for the two volunteers that have given themselves to serve as church planters that God would use them for His glory. Pray that God would open a way of funding their ministry by raising supporters.

THANK YOU FOR PRAYING WITH US THROUGH OCTOBER 2018.
MORE GRACE AND GOD’S BLESSINGS AS YOU RELENTLESSLY PRAY WITH US THROUGH 2018. SHALOM!!!



Good Day and greetings from ECWA Headquarters International

by Rev. Stephen Panya Baba – ECWA President | “If anyone speaks, they should do so as one who speaks the very words of God. If anyone serves, they should do so with the strength God provides, so that in all things God may be praised through Jesus Christ.” 1 Peter 4:11 (NIV) (connect via president@ecwang.org)

Most of you would have heard of my new calling to the office of the President of ECWA. We very much appreciate your loving care, concern and support for us. These first few months have been a time of prayer, thinking and reflection on so many things, and we are trusting God to show us the way forward.

Right now, some proposals are at deliberation stage by the ECWA Executive and as we get to finalize them, I shall be intimating you on the implementation process so that you can prayerfully consider what role you can play.

For now, this is to connect with you and let you know that you are in our prayers and thoughts.

Remain blessed in Jesus name.



Praying on for His Grace and Mercy!

by Joshua and Joanna Bogunjoko | “We do not make requests of you because we are righteous, but because of your great mercy.”Daniel 9:18

Prayer is both marvelous and mysterious. The idea of communicating with the Creator of the universe seems almost ludicrous. And certainly presumptuous. Not to mention intimidating.”

This statement by Lori Hatcher on Crosswalk.com is so true as we await being able to travel to Kenya for an SIM Healthcare Conference and Leadership Initiative due to the uncertainties surrounding the Hurricane Florence. The organizers and some of the participants are already there but some of us are still in the US watching the turn of events in the wake of Hurricane Florence. We have had to change our flights a couple of times and are hoping that Joshua can leave on Saturday while Joanna follows on Tuesday. Joel is home from school as the University of South Carolina campus is closed and classes are cancelled through Monday. They anticipate resuming normal operations on Tuesday pending government direction. We are praying and eagerly anticipating God answering the prayers of many to protect lives and properties. Please pray along with us!

Thank you so much for praying for us and especially Joel and Jochebed as you read about them in our last prayer letter. Many of you responded with words of encouragement, prayers and great generosity. Joel started the semester well and with a great outlook for which we are thankful. He is happier and is more positive about his classes. Please continue to pray that God will perfect what He has started. Also remember to continue praying for the appeal that we sent for his scholarship as the decision making/proceedings have now started. We are still waiting for their response.

Jochebed moved to a new 1 bedroom apartment from a studio apartment in a bad part of town and is settling in well. She is as busy as ever and we appreciate prayers for strength, wisdom and success in all her endeavors and give thanks for her safety while she lived at her old place.

We were in International Leadership Team and Board of Governors’ meetings during the last two weeks. The two meetings went well and everyone has returned to their destinations safely. Praise God with us for unity that was evident as they met and deliberated on issues affecting SIM. Pray that God will establish all He has helped them to decide upon.

Pray for the SIM Healthcare Conference and Leadership Initiative starting on September 16 in Kenya and that all will go well.

We will take a week of rest/holiday after the conference and then go on to the Philippines for SIM Philippines Spiritual Life Conference (SLC). Please pray that God will speak through Joshua as he will be speaking both in Kenya and in the Philippines. Pray that God will meet everyone at their point of need.

Thank you for always being there for us in prayers and for your support.

Convinced that no one should live and die without hearing God’s good news, we believe that He has called us to make disciples of the Lord Jesus Christ in communities where He is least known.

Joshua and Joanna Bogunjoko

Joshua & Joanna Bogunjoko

Dr. Joshua Bogunjoko has been the SIM’s International Director since June 1, 2013. Joshua and his wife, Joanna, began their mission careers as members of the Evangelical Missionary Society (EMS), the mission arm of the ECWA church, which today sends more than 2400 Nigerians cross-culturally. They were commissioned by the national ECWA church in 1993 and their home church in Lagos in 1995, where they were sent out as seconded associates of SIM. They have served at three mission hospitals in West Africa and became full members of SIM in 2001. Joshua served on the SIM International Leadership Team since 2006, dealing with global issues related to mission.



ECWA USA 2018 Men’s Fellowship Week Of Prayer

by Oladele Gbadeyan | Prayer is the way in which we communicate with God, and we need to get close in our daily walk with Him through the power of prayer! (connect via oladelegbadeyan@yahoo.com.au)

2 Chronicles 7:14 ~ if my people, who are called by my name, will humble themselves and pray and seek my face and turn from their wicked ways, then I will hear from heaven, and I will forgive their sin and will heal their land.

DATE: MONDAY – SEPTEMBER 24, 2018
TIME: 9.00PM ET
WHERE: By phone call. The number is 6054756777. Enter code 2392872# after you dial the number
LEADER: Elder Michael Jolayemi
THEME: Thanksgiving to the Lord for ECWA, ECWA USA, men fellowship, women fellowship, youth fellowship and other church undertakings. Pray for forgiveness of sins over all our inadequacies as we fellowship throughout the year. Pray for spiritual fervency, Godlineness, zealousness toward the thing of God, and for putting God first in everything we do.

DATE: WEDNESDAY – SEPTEMBER 26, 2018
TIME: 9.00PM ET
WHERE: By phone call. The number is 6054756777. Enter code 2392872# after you dial the number
LEADER: Elder Jonathan Olaoye
THEME: Pray for ECWA, ECWA Mission Field, ECWA prayer centers, and ECWA Executives. Pray for ECWA USA outgoing and newly elected executives that the Lord will help them as they move ECWA USA forward.

DATE: SATURDAY – SEPTEMBER 29, 2018
TIME: 10.30AM
WHERE: Various Local Churches
LEADER: Church Minister(s)
THEME: Praise and Worship through prayer at various churches to mark the National Week of Prayer.

DATE: SATURDAY – SEPTEMBER 29, 2018
TIME: 9.00PM ET
WHERE: By phone call. The number is 6054756777. Enter code 2392872# after you dial the number
LEADER: Dr. Salihu Garba
THEME: Fervent in the spirit in serving the Lord. Pray for Nigeria, America as a whole and the world at large. Pray for individuals: Request time is 10:30AM. To be aired Live on ECWA Maryland Facebook.



Praise & Prayer, September 2018

EMS OF ECWA
PRAISE & PRAYER, SEPTEMBER 2018

Prayer/Counseling hotline: 08033673654, 08051614880
E-mail: prayerpromotion@emsofecwa.org
Website: www.emsofecwa.org
Brethren, pray for us (1 Thess. 5:25)
WEEK ONE – FOCUS IS ON PRAISE/THANKSGIVING
FROM HOME AND CROSS-BOARDER MISSION FIELDS
“The Lord lives! Praise be to my Rock! Exalted be God, the Rock, and my Savior! 2 Sam 22:47 (NIV)
SATURDAY 1ST

Last month, 29th July – 4th Aug, EMS successfully brought back some of it’s cross border missionary couples from their foreign mission fields for a week of fellowship with two of our EMS missionary friends from the U.S. Praise God for the safety granted to all who made it for the program, for His provisions towards hosting the program, and for the success of the entire event.

SUNDAY 2ND

Praise God for safety granted to EMS management staff who came for the management meeting on the 14th of August, 2018. Thank God for granting wisdom and discernment as they make decisions.

NOTE: WE ARE FASTING TOMORROW

 FIRST (1ST) MONDAY OF EVERY MONTH IS TO BE OBSERVED NATIONALLY AND INTERNATIONALLY AS EMS PRAYER AND FASTING DAY. THEREFORE, ALL EMS ARMS, MISSIONARIES, OFFICE STAFF, PRAYER PARTNERS AND SUPPORTERS SHOULD PLEASE ENDEAVOR TO JOIN THE EMS INTERNATIONAL HEAD OFFICE IN PRAYERS. WE JOIN FAITH AND TRUST GOD IN ONE ACCORD WITH BRETHREN AROUND THE WORLD FOR A STEADY AND FRUITFUL GROWTH OF THE WORK OF MISSIONS, PEACE AND THE SALVATION OF NATIONS, FOR REVIVAL AND SPIRITUAL GROWTH OF THE CHURCH. OUR COOPERATE PRAYER TIME AT THE HEAD OFFICE IS 8-9AM, 12-1PM, AND 3-4 PM RESPECTIVELY. YOU CAN JOIN US IN PRAYERS WHEREVER YOU MAY BE AT THOSE TIMES OR MAKE OUT TIME OF YOUR OWN CONVENIENCE AS YOU ARE LED BY GOD. PLEASE, JUST BE SURE TO PRAY ALONG AS YOU FAST.

MONDAY 3RD

Praise God for His provision of finances to EMS to pay all the office staff and field missionary allowances for the month of August. Praise God for His blessings on our supporters who are tirelessly giving and praying for the progress of our ministry.

TUESDAY 4TH

Praise God for the success of the program held in Maradi, Niger Republic by ECWA Wuse 2 in collaboration with Sport Friends Nigeria. Pray that the program will yield lasting spiritual results in the life of all the participants.

WEDNESDAY 5TH

Praise God for the seventeen mission stations opened as local churches in Chad Republic. They are Gounou Ndolo, Koutoun, Bongor, Guidimi, Kolobeye, Guelende, Ambata, Ngonba, Goira, Figure 1, Djogogor, Missire, Mamina, Dagadla, Kaourang Kouzoudoum, Guelende 2
and Koundoul. Please pray for their growth and for the effectiveness of the missionaries in charge of these churches.

THURSDAY 6TH

Praise God for His grace and faithfulness in the lives of our missionaries in Zambia, especially for our prayer house in Luanshiya, for enthusiasm to preach the gospel and receptivity in the people.

FRIDAY 7TH

Praise God for His provision of funds to EMS House of Hope with which they were able to visit their targeted IDP camps in Bokkos LGA in Jos, Nigeria. The visit was of great success and the brethren who received gifts from EMS House of Hope were very encouraged.

SATURDAY 8TH

Praise God for the completion of the pastorium in Makundu, Central Region by Good News Gwagwalada. To the glory of God the missionary has moved into the building

WEEK TWO – FOCUS IS ON EMS HOME MISSION FIELDS
 As you go, preach this message: ‘The kingdom of heaven is near.’ Matt 10:7 NIV

 

SUNDAY 9TH

EMS SUPPORTERS: Praise God for the life of our numerous supporters and the 17 others who have just joined in this Kingdom project within the last two quarters of this year. Ask the Lord to bless them, their families and that he would grant them the grace to stay faithful to their commitment.

MONDAY 10TH

EMS BOARD MEMBERS: Pray that God will fill EMS board members with passion for the salvation of the lost. Ask that God will give His people passion for missions and church planting.

MONDAY 11TH

EMS MANAGEMENT TEAM

Praise God for the safety granted to EMS Management Team to Jos for management meeting holding today. Ask the Lord to give them unity and decisiveness in making wise choices as they lead EMS.

WEDNESDAY 12TH

ECWA EXECUTIVES/PASTORS

Pray that the Holy Spirit would fill ECWA E.E. and pastors with the love of God, a desire for purity, and also purge their hearts of resentments towards each other.

THURSDAY 13TH

MIDEAST REGION-LAFIA

Pray for Pastor Benedict John in Kwara Prayer House. He is suffering from a spiritual attack from a local evil spirit called GAJIMARE; the pastor is currently sick as a result of these attacks and is in dire need of our prayers.

FRIDAY 14TH

CENTRAL REGION GARKI DCC

  • Ask the Lord to grant provision for clean drinking water in Kuseki, Pasali and Tungan Auta communities where our missionaries are
  • Let’s also not relent in praying for the development of the lands donated to EMS in our various mission fields in this

Pray for the success of the mission awareness that will be holding in Suleja on the 22-23rd.

SATURDAY 15TH

Pray that God will intervene in our Sulbawa Mission station in Mina, Nigeria, where the village head is refusing to grant us the purchase of a land for the building of a worship place. He has also instructed that the temporary shade built by the missionary for worship should be removed.

WEEK THREE – FOCUS IS ON EMS HOME MISSION FIELDS
I proclaim righteousness in the great assembly; I do not seal my lips…Ps 40:9 NIV.

SUNDAY 16TH

NORTH WEST REGION – KADUNA DCC

Praise God for his provision for the fence building of the EMS children school Kufana. Pray for the success of the work and for the safety of all the workers; Also, pray for God’s blessings on everyone He has used to give for this project.

MONDAY 17TH

EMS HOUSE OF HOPE

Ask the Lord to grant us wisdom as we plan to relocate our boys’ transition house to an environment that will be away from the city’s distractions, for more creative and intentional discipleship.

TUESDAY 18TH

SOUTH EAST REGION

  • Pray for more of God’s provision for the completion of the church roofing in Ishiagu mission station.
  • Let’s continue to seek the Lord to stir the hearts of many in this region to be willing to support the
  • Ask the Lord to grant an opening for the provision of bikes for mission stations in need of mobility.
WEDNESDAY 19TH

SOUTH NORTH EAST REGION

Ask the Lord to intervene and restore normalcy in Lau Local Government area of Taraba State, Nigeria, where about 13 churches have been deserted due to herdsmen attacks.

  • Let’s keep praying that the Lord will grant provision for the Yamel DCC mission conference that is planned to be held in November 16-17th,
THURSDAY 20TH

MID CENTRAL REGION-KAGORO: Ask the Lord to bring comfort on the family of Christiana John, an EMS supporter who has gone to be with the Lord.

FRIDAY 21ST

FAR NORTH REGION

Pray for Adamu Garba in Malam Madori EMS Station whose house was invaded by thieves. Pray that the animals that were taken would be returned or replaced and for the thieves to encounter Jesus and surrender to Him.

  • Pray for the 15 new converts in this region. May God strengthen and encourage them in their new.
SATURDAY 22ND

NORTH CENTRAL REGION

Two Local Church Councils in Gwol DCC of this region with one mission station in Jiri, Miango DCC have been closed down due to recent attacks by the
Fulani herdsmen. Let’s not relent in praying for God’s intervention on these re-occurring attacks, especially on the church.

WEEK FOUR: FOCUS ON CROSS-BORDERS MISSION FIELDS
As you go, preach this message: ‘the kingdom of heaven is near.’ Matt 10:7 NIV.

SUNDAY 23RD

ECWA BENIN REPUBLIC

  • Pray for God’s intervention and provision for the completion of the balance of the second church land purchased in Cotonou, Benin
  • Pray for God’s provision for the construction of a temporary place of worship in Cotonou, Benin Republic.
  • Pray for good working relationship between our missionaries in Cotonou, Benin Republic that will foster the progress of the work in the mission
  • Pray that God will provide the manpower needed to start a prayer house In Aglansa, Benin Republic.
MONDAY 24TH

ECWA ZAMBIA

Let’s continue to pray for the life and commitments of three indigenous missionary families working with the Kuzasuwats in Zambia: George Mwila who is in Kabwe, Royd Nkonde who is in Kitwe, and Fred Chitundu who is in Chingola. Pray that their ministries will be fruitful.

TUESDAY 25TH

ECWA MALAWI

  • Let’s keep praying with Pas. & Mrs. Yohanna I. J. Mamman for wisdom and cooperation as they work alongside the newly-elected executives, pastors and

Praise God for the safe arrival of the Lazarus family back to the country from Malawi after serving for four years. Pray for more of God’s grace as they rest and begin ministry back home.

WEDNESDAY 26TH

ECWA BURKINA FASO

  • Pray for God’s wisdom and provision for the employment of volunteer evangelists as EMS missionaries for the progress of the work in Burkina Faso. Two have already been identified and their application is in
  • Pray for God to provide a permanent place of worship For ECWA Ouagadougou as the missionary’s house can no longer accommodate all the worshippers. And Praise God for such growth!!
THURSDAY 27TH

TCHAD REPUBLIC

The need of clean water in some of our mission stations cannot be emphasized enough. Pray for God’s provision of these needs in the needy communities. This is the prayer request that come frequently from our missionaries.

Pray for the plan of the urban mission, especially in Ndjamena. A land has been spotted in the center of the town at the cost of 60.000.000Fcfa which is the equivalent to 120 USD Pray for God’s provisions to secure the land.

FRIDAY 28TH

ECWA MALI 

  • Laying of the foundation for the permanent site of ECWA Mali has stopped for lack of cash; Let’s keep praying for open doors for the completion of this
  • Praise God for the progress of the Youth Ministry of Rev. & Mrs. Amah, which is beginning to take shape. Let’s keep praying for the malaria music concert they are planning in October 2018.
  • Pray for the school programs of Rev. & Mrs. Amah, which have been suffering attacks from the enemy (Students hardly continue to the end).
  • Pray for more Soul-Winning strategies for the Amah’s in Jesus’.
SATURDAY 29TH

ECWA NIGER REPUBLIC 

  • Pray for the issues of the resident (permit de Sejour) of Rev. Abdul Garba Kanawa in Maradi, Niger Republic.
  • Pray for God’s provision of a permanent place of worship for ECWA Maradi. The church has been using the missionary’s house since it’s
  • Pray for the involvement of the indigents to serve as EMS missionaries.
SUNDAY 30TH

CHAD REPUBLIC

Pray against the cultural initiation (juju worship) that is in the increase. The juju worship is highly valued among many of the Chadian ethnic groups. Their tradition is that every young man must pass through the cultural initiation in order to be admitted to the rank of the matured men. This is a barrier to the penetration of the Gospel among Banda and God ethnic groups where our missionaries are working. Pray for God to break such power and bring about the liberation of his people in Jesus’ mighty name.

THANK YOU FOR PRAYING WITH US THROUGH SEPTEMBER 2018.
MORE GRACE AND GOD’S BLESSINGS AS YOU RELENTLESSLY PRAY WITH US THROUGH 2018. SHALOM!!!



US President Donald Trump’s tweet on land seizures, ‘killing of farmers’ angers South Africa

ABC AU Photo: Donald Trump’s tweet was rejected by the South African Government. (AP: Carolyn Kaster)

US President Donald Trump has said he asked Secretary of State Mike Pompeo to study South African “land and farm seizures” and “killing of farmers“, prompting Pretoria to accuse Mr Trump of stoking racial divisions.

Key points:

  • South African Government says Mr Trump is “misinformed
  • The ruling party announces plans to change the constitution to allow the expropriation of land without compensation
  • 59 white farmers were murdered last year

Mr Trump’s comments have inflamed an already high-octane debate over land in South Africa — a country that remains deeply racially divided and unequal nearly a quarter of a century after Nelson Mandela swept to power at the end of apartheid.

The rand currency dropped more than 1.5 per cent against the US dollar in early trade on Thursday after Mr Trump’s tweet had circulated in South Africa.

South Africa’s foreign ministry will seek clarification of Mr Trump’s comments from the US embassy in Pretoria, President Cyril Ramaphosa’s spokeswoman said, adding that Mr Trump was “misinformed“.

A tweet from South Africa’s official government account rejected the comment, saying the tweet “seeks to divide our nation“.

 



What did Jesus mean when He instructed us to love our enemies?

by GotQuestions.org | What is impossible for man becomes possible for those who give their lives to Jesus Christ through the power of the Holy Spirit who lives in our hearts (image: Judas Betrays the Master – Icon inside the Church of Panagia Dexia, Thessaloniki Greece).
When Jesus said we are to love our enemies, He was creating a new standard for relationships. He proclaimed to the crowds listening to His Sermon on the Mount that they knew they were to love their neighbor because the command to love our neighbor was a law of God (Leviticus 19:18). That we must therefore hate our enemy was an inference incorrectly drawn from it by the Jews. While no Bible verse explicitly says “hate your enemy,” the Pharisees may have somewhat misapplied some of the Old Testament passages about hatred for God’s enemies (Psalm 139:19-22; 140:9-11). But Jesus replaced this idea with an even higher standard: “Love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you, that you may be sons of your Father in heaven” (Matthew 5:44-45). Jesus goes on to explain that loving those who love us is easy and even unbelievers can do that. Then He commands us to “be perfect, therefore, as your heavenly Father is perfect” (Matthew 5:43-48).

Jesus explained to His followers that they should adhere to the real meaning of God’s law by loving their enemies as well as their neighbors. A Pharisee once asked Jesus, “Who is my neighbor?” (Luke 10:29). Jesus then told the Parable of the Good Samaritan. Here Jesus taught that His followers must demonstrate love to all kinds of people—no matter what faith, nationality, or personality—enemies included. If you love your enemies and “pray for those who persecute you,” you then truly reveal that Jesus is Lord of your life.

By using an illustration of the sun rising and the rain falling on both the good and the evil, Jesus shows God’s undiscriminating love to all people. His disciples then must reflect His character and exhibit this same undiscriminating love for both friends and enemies. Jesus is teaching us that we must live by a higher standard than what the world expects—a standard that is impossible for us to attain by our own efforts. It’s only through the power of God’s Spirit that His people can truly love and pray for those who intend to do them harm (Romans 12:14-21).

Finally, after giving us the admonition to love our enemies, Jesus then gives us this command: “Be perfect, therefore, as your heavenly Father is perfect” (Matthew 5:48). As sons of our Father (Matthew 5:45), we are to be perfect, even as He is perfect. This is utterly impossible for sinful man to achieve. This unattainable standard is exactly what the Law itself demanded (James 2:10). So how can Jesus demand the impossible? He later tells us, “With man this is impossible, but with God all things are possible” (Matthew 19:26). That which God demands, only He can accomplish, including the demand to love our enemies. What is impossible for man becomes possible for those who give their lives to Jesus Christ through the power of the Holy Spirit who lives in our hearts.

Read the original article on GotQuestions.org website.

GotQuestions.org is a ministry of dedicated and trained servants who have a desire to assist others in their understanding of God, Scripture, salvation, and other spiritual topics. We are Christian, Protestant, evangelical, theologically conservative, and non-denominational. We view ourselves as a para-church ministry, coming alongside the church to help people find answers to their spiritually related questions.

 



Abraha: An Aksumite Christian Ruler of Yemen in 570AD

by Sergew Hable-Selassie | Ancient Christian Church in Ethiopia | General Abraha was a Tigraian military genius from Axum. General Abraha became a Governor of present day Yemen and Hijaz (western Saudi Arabia) under Emperor Kaleb of Axum. When the Jews of Yemen persecuted the Christians in the land of Arabaia and Emperor Kaleb of Axum sent an army to stop the Jews from oppressing the Christians (image: Ethiopian News).

Abraha (Ge’ez: ‘Abreha) also known as ‘Abraha al-Asram or Abraha b. as-Saba’h, was an Aksumite Christian ruler of Yemen. Accounts of his origin differ. Procopius recorded that he was once the slave of a Roman merchant at Adulis, while Tabari says that he was related to the Aksumite royal family. Be this as it may, he was either one of the commanders or a member of one of the armies sent by Emperor Kaléb against Dhü Nuwäs, the Judaized ruler of Yemen, in the period c. 523-525 A.D. to exact vengeance for the latter’s persecution of Christians in his realm. According to Procopius, ‘Abraha later seized control of Yemen from Esimiphaeus, the Christian Himyarite viceroy appointed by Kaléb, with the support of dissident elements in the Ethiopian occupation force
A reference map of the empire of Kaleb of Axum

A reference map of the empire of Kaleb of Axum

eager to settle in the Yemen, then a rich and fertile land. This event may have happened about 530 A.D. although a date as late as 543 has been postulated by Jacques Ryckmans. An army sent by Kaléb to subdue ‘Abraha joined his ranks and killed the ruler sent to replace him (this is perhaps a reference to ‘Ariat) and a second army was defeated. In the version of these events preserved by Tabari details vary slightly. ‘Abraha is said to have been the commander of the second army sent by Kaléb after the first, led by ‘Ariat, had been annihilated by Dhü Nuwäs through a ruse. This second army of 100,000 men successfully crushed all resistance and, following the suicide of Dhü Nuwäs, ‘Abraha seized power, establishing himself at Sana’a and proclaiming Christianity. He aroused the wrath of Kaléb, however, by withholding tribute and Kaléb sent his general ‘Ariat once again to take over the governorship of Yemen. ‘Abraha rid himself of the latter by a subterfuge in a duel in which ‘Ariat was killed and ‘Abraha suffered the injury which earned him the sobriquet of al-Asräm, “scar-face.” After this Kaléb had to accord him de facto recognition. ‘Abraha’s rule was probably confirmed by Kaléb successor, Emperor Bétä-‘Esra’él in return for nominal tribute and he went on to become an outstanding figure in Yemeni history, ruling efficiently and promoting the cause of Christianity in the face of the Judaism prevalent in Yemen and the paganism of Central Arabia.

A number of legends of popular origin have been woven around ‘Abraha’s name in Arab tradition which have not yet been substantiated. Of these traditions, the best-known concern the expedition against Mecca. At this period Mecca was the thriving center of the pagan cult

Two years ago arab news published a small article about what the Saudi historians found and documented. “During their tiring journey across mountains and rough terrain, the young Saudi men took photographs of important landmarks, beginning from north of Najran, to the east of Asir, and then east of Baha. Some of the most important historical sites along the way included inscriptions of elephants on rocks in the Al-Qahr Mountain, southeast of Tathlith; an old well in Hafaer, east of Asir; and a paved road near Kara in Aqeeq principality in the Baha region.” Arab news said.

In 2014, Arab news published a small article about what the Saudi historians found and documented. “During their tiring journey across mountains and rough terrain, the young Saudi men took photographs of important landmarks, beginning from north of Najran, to the east of Asir, and then east of Baha. Some of the most important historical sites along the way included inscriptions of elephants on rocks in the Al-Qahr Mountain, southeast of Tathlith; an old well in Hafaer, east of Asir; and a paved road near Kara in Aqeeq principality in the Baha region.” Arab news said.

of the Ka’aba and the pilgrim traffic was in the hands of the powerful Qurays family. Fired with Christian zeal, ‘Abraha set out to build a magnificent church at Sana’a to serve as a counter-attraction to the surrounding pagan peoples. This aroused the hostility of the Qurays who feared that the pilgrim traffic with its lucrative offerings would be diverted to Sana’a. It is sometimes said that one of their adherents succeeded in defiling the church and this led ‘Abraha to embark upon a campaign against Mecca. This event is associated in Islamic tradition with the year of the Prophet’s birth, c. 570 A.D. ‘Abraha is said to have used elephants in the campaign and the date is celebrated as the Year of the Elephant, ‘am al fil.’ An indirect reference to the event is found in Surah 105 of the Quran. ‘Abraha’s expedition probably failed due to the successful delaying tactics of the Qurays and pestilence broke out in the camp, which decimated his army and forced him to withdraw. Another tradition relates the expedition to an unsuccessful economic mission to the Qurays by ‘Abraha’s son.

We are fortunate in possessing irrefutable epigraphic sources which throw further light on ‘Abraha’s career. Of these the most important is the long inscription on the Marib dam which records the quelling of an insurrection backed by a son of the deposed ruler Esimiphaeus in the year 657 of the Sabaean era, i.e. between 540-550 A.D.; vital repairs effected to the dam later in the same year; the reception of envoys from the negus, from Byzantium, from Persia and from Harith b. Djabalat, the phylarch of Arabia; and the completion of repairs to the dam in the following year, followed by a great feast of rejoicing. The inscription indicates that the reign of ‘Abraha was a period of security and prosperity for the Yemen. The royal title adopted by ‘Abraha is similar to that of his immediate predecessors and to that of Emperor Kaléb, “King of Saba’ and dhü-Raydän and Hadramawt and Yamanat and of their Arabs on the plateau and the lowland.” A further text (Ryckmans 506) discovered at Murayghän records a defeat inflicted by ‘Abraha on the North Arabian tribe of Ma’add in the year 662 of the Sabaean era.No reliable information exists about the date of ‘Abraha’s death although tradition places it immediately after his expedition to Mecca. He was succeeded on the throne by two of his sons, Yaksum and Masruq, born to him by Raihäna, a Yemenite noblewoman whom ‘Abraha had abducted from her husband.


Bibliography

T. Noldeke, Geschichte der Perser und Araber zur Zeit der Sassaniden (Leyden, 1879), 200 ff.

F. Praetorius, “Bemerkungen zu den beiden grossen Inschriften von Dammbruch zu Marib”, Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft, Vol. LIII, (1899), 1-24.

E. Glaser, “Zwei Inschriften über den Dammbruch von Mareb,” Mitteillungen der Vorderasiatischen Gesellschaft, VI (1897), 360-488.

A. Wiedemann in Orientalische Letteratur-Zeitung, 1 (1898).

Procopius (H. B. Dewing, ed.), De Bello Persico (London, 1957), I, xx.

Tabari (H. Zotenberg, ed. and trans.), Chronique (Paris, 1958), Vol. II, 184-208.

J. Ryckmans, L’institution monarchique en Arabie méridionale (Louvain, 1951).

——–, La persécution des chrétiens himyarites au sixième siècle (Istanbul, 1956).

Sidney Smith, “Events in Arabia in the 6th century A.D.,” Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, Vol. XVI (1954).

A. F. L. Beeston, ABRAHA in Encyclopaedia of Islam (1960).

——–, “Problems of Sabaen Chronology,” Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies , Vol. XXVI (1954).

M. J. Kister, “The Campaign of Huluban. A New Light on the Expedition of ‘Abraha,” Le Muséon, Vol. LXXVIII (1965).

Sergew Hable-Selassie, *Ancient and Medieval Ethiopian History to 1270 *(Addis Ababa, 1972).


This article is reproduced, with permission, from The Dictionary of Ethiopian Biography, Vol. 1 ‘From Early Times to the End of the Zagwé Dynasty c. 1270 A.D.,’ copyright © 1975, edited by Belanesh Michael, S. Chojnacki and Richard Pankhurst, Institute of Ethiopian Studies, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. All rights reserved.



How to Use Technology and Social Media Without Worshiping It

by Rowland Adeniyi | To use technology and social media without worshiping it, we must exercise self-control which can be achieved by everyone with discipline (image: iStock).
Technology and social media allow us to stay in touch with friends, explore the world around us, learn new things, and order anything online. It is a powerful tool to make our life easier and better while on the other hand, it can lead to isolation, neglect of our responsibilities, or disrespect of people around us. To use technology and social media without worshiping it, we must exercise self-control which can be achieved by everyone with discipline. This includes turning off the function where new posts pop up as alerts on your devices, cultivating healthier activities to keep yourself busy, turning off your connected devices, or uninstalling social media Apps from your smartphone and using the one on your personal computer. If you’re beyond exercising self-control, you can find treatment centers here for internet addiction in your area or call the Helpline at 888-465-7473 or 877-762-4484 or 866-208-4949.

There is no need to be in self-denial, many of us are not using technology and social media appropriately. It is very difficult to know the cause of the problems; technology providers, educators, school curriculum, or the federal agency policies about technology. There is plenty of blame to go around even as far as parents themselves are concerned.

Although there is no scientific standard for measuring if you’re worshiping technology and social media, some reports suggest it may affect as many as 38 percent of the general population. The reason for discrepancies is that it is researched differently among scientists including the mental health professionals. The vast majority of Americans, about 95% now own a cellphone of some kind. The share of Americans that own smartphones is now 77%, up from just 35% in PEW Research Center’s first survey of smartphone ownership conducted in 2011.

THE GOOD AND THE BAD
When used wisely, technology and social media have the potential to support the much-needed large scale change in education especially in the areas of math and science education. For this to happen though, educators need to be very creative in developing new and far more ambitious course work for a quite different future that technologies and social media make possible now.

The most useful educational perspective of information technologies and social media is to see them primarily as tools that help students accomplish more. The tool role is of primary importance because it extends the capacity of students to undertake investigations, to attack computational problems, to communicate, and to access information resources.

On one hand, the potential positive effects of using technology and social media without worshiping it include enhanced cognitive development and school achievement, reduced barriers to social interaction, enhanced fine motor skills and visual processing and effective rehabilitation. On the other hand, the potential negative effects include threats to child safety, inappropriate content, exposure to violence, bullying, internet ‘addiction‘, displacement of moderate or vigorous physical activity, exposure to junk food advertising, sleep displacement, vision problems, and musculoskeletal problems. All researchers agreed on one thing, the extended use of technology is damaging to anyone, especially in the early developmental years of adolescence.

ARE YOU WORSHIPING TECHNOLOGY AND SOCIAL MEDIA?
The troubling thing about using technology and social media without worshiping it is that a person is endlessly surrounded by technology. From the time one wakes up to the time one goes to bed, we are bombarded with technology and social media. Its use is endless. In this digital age, how then do you know if you’re worshiping technology and social media?

  • I saw an elderly lady walking across the street one day in one of the high-tech cities along the US west coast with her eyes glued to her device screen and not even paying attention to the oncoming traffic until the driver slammed the brake and blew the horn and the lady literarily ran off the street. If a person is not able to physically stop checking their Facebook account, tweeting, blogging, e-mailing, or whatever, then they are worshiping technology and social media.
  • Complex, strategy-based games like Starcraft can improve many cognitive skills, including working memory and reasoning. When playing a strategy game, the player must be flexible and quick to change tactics on the fly with limited resources and logistics when something unexpected suddenly happens, just like in the real world. Although this strategy game no doubt improves cognitive skills, doing it online in excess no doubt constitutes that we are worshiping technology and social media.
  • Everyday we use our technology to buy practically everything online these days and that includes perishable goods like groceries delivery as well. There is no doubt about it; from researching our first home to ordering pizzas online, we are a technology savvy community when it comes to shopping. The problem comes when we keep buy unwanted goods every day and we end up as a compulsive online shopper.
  • A virtue as Wikipedia described it is a trait or quality that is deemed to be morally good and thus is valued as a foundation of principle and good moral being. Personal virtues are characteristics valued as promoting collective and individual greatness. Having read a few books on the impact of technology and social media on humans, I can say conclusively we are consuming technology at an alarming rate and entertaining ourselves to illness. When our use of technology and social media clash with the development of our virtue, our relationships, work, or school then we are worshiping technology and social media.

USING TECHNOLOGY & SOCIAL MEDIA WITHOUT WORSHIPING IT
The most important thing about using technology and social media without worshiping it is that of self-corrective behavior which can be achieved by everyone with discipline. Corrective behaviors include the use of software that controls the internet use and types of sites that can be visited like Qustodio or Disney’s Circle for your phone and/or wireless router. These software are designed to supervise, manage and protect children device use on the go! It basically allows parents to see how their children uses devices, apps, the web and control it.

For self-correction, one will for example set their alarm for say 45 mins. Things done without devices is good, which means a person is having a face-to-face interaction which is always better and rewarding. After the 45 mins, one will get outside the building or house and do something different, like reading a book or visiting a friend’s house where one can either play an old-fashioned board game like monopoly or go for a walk. Physical activity is very effective at increasing serotonin or 5-hydroxytryptamine levels which is known to decrease dependency on the use on internet devices. Boredom isn’t bad, and the cure for boredom is being creative without using technology. Studies show technology and social media use just makes a person more easily bored.

I. CHILDREN UNDER THE AGE OF 12 YEARS
Looking at the use of smartphones, MP3 players, TV, social media, and the internet at large make it all seems as if our kids are always plugged in. Many parents compete with technology for their kids’ attention all the time. As a family, everyone need to work together to create an acceptable technology use policy (see example below). This includes 1) Who can use it and what they are allowed to do with it? 2) Where and when they are allowed to use it? and 3) How will this use be monitored?

 One of the best things the parents can do regarding technology is to talk to their kids about what they are seeing, hearing and doing. What are other kids doing? What do they think about this and that? Have they seen or heard of other kids being bullied? Have they been bullied? Are your kids mature enough to understand the basics of internet safe usage? It’s also a good idea to show your children news articles about bad things that happens when kids use technology. It’s one thing to hear it from you, but to see it happen to someone their age will make them think twice.

We as adults need to be very specific on what our children are allowed to do with their devices. For example; no bullying, and they should never take or look at naked photos of themselves and explain to them the consequences. Whatever they text, post, email, or tweet will become part of the public realm and they can never get it back, since it will be there to assist or hinder them as adult.

The parents can use cell phone bills, monitoring software like Qustodio or Disney’s Circle to look at the technology itself to see what content has been viewed. This is not an invasion of privacy – it’s not about snooping. It’s about keeping your child and other children safe from predators, bullies, and content they think they are old enough for but that is really harmful.

Sample Family Acceptable Use Policy.

  1. You may not ignore calls or texts or email from us. We will always know the password for this device and you may not have or know the password to our devices. Your use of your devices is privileged and will be revoked for a week at the first evidence of tampering with our security or password.
  2. When you are at home with us, you may have ______ hour(s) on school days and ____ hour(s) on weekend days to enjoy using your digital devices. We like being with you and talk to you.
  3. You will return this digital device to a parent (or a guardian if we are not home) at ____ p.m. every school night and at _____ p.m. every weekend night.
  4. Do not post or share photos of other people without their permission. And especially, do not photograph or share inappropriate or naked images of yourself or other people. If something does happen, you can always call us for help.
  5. Resolve conflict with someone face to face and NOT by texting. We expect eye contact during face-to-face discussions. Don’t text when you are angry or mad.

What happens online impacts your life offline. Colleges and future employers can and will search your name, and the internet never forgets. Slow down and think before posting.

II. TEENAGERS AND YOUNG ADULTS
Many adults sometimes don’t know what their teenagers are going through every day which is why it’s hard to separate teenagers from social media, messaging apps, or online games and videos. Sometimes some of them are afraid of being alone and they rely on technology and the social media in general to give them a sense of belonging while their capacity for empathy and relationship suffers. There is no doubt about it, technology is inhibiting our teenager’s connection and conversation at school and at home. Somehow, they find ways around conversation, tempted by the constant bombardment of text or an email in which they feel they have to look at or listen to. We really need to teach our teenagers the virtues of person-to-person conversation and especially the use of technology and social media without worshiping it.

Work with Your Teenagers and Teach them to Use Technology Wisely
Challenge your teenagers as a parent for them to use technology and social media as a tool to contribute to and analyze global environmental datasets, polls, and other network science projects. Here they can collect their best work and evidence for skill mastery into portfolios for you as a parent to evaluate. This will give the teenagers a technique to move between quantitative observations to theory that they will find powerful for use later in life. And these experimental investigations will continue to mature as your teenagers mature. It may even break the barriers or walls between you and your teenagers and they may see you as allies. Depending on how good these portfolios are; they may even be able to use them in college admissions and job applications.

Be A Good Role Model
We need to show our teenagers how to use technology and social media in a healthy, human way while also developing wisdom, character, and courage in the way they use digital media rather than accepting technology’s promises of ease, instant gratification, and the world’s knowledge at their fingertips. Show them how to make money with their knowledge of technology and social media. And if you as a parent didn’t know how, pay to send them to summer school or weekend classes on how to.

Teenagers with Technology Issues Need to Try Self-Help
Research shows strong associations between addictive use of technology and comorbid psychiatric disorders. In “The relationship between addictive use of social media and video games and symptoms of psychiatric disorders by Andreassen et al.: A large-scale cross-sectional study; age appeared to be inversely related to the addictive use of these technologies. Being male was significantly associated with addictive use of video games, whereas being female was significantly associated with addictive use of social media. Being single was positively related to both addictive social networking and video gaming.

As a teenager, you have to accept the fact you’re not an adult and hence lack the maturity to curb devices use on your own. Studies has shown that the parents taking the device away from you as a teenager doesn’t help either since it creates a withdrawal symptom like, anxiety. Instead, there are plenty of other ways to help yourself find a healthier balance: As part of a self-help, you need to recognize what make you reach for your smartphone in the first place. Is it when you’re lonely, bored, depressed, or stressed; then the excessive devices use might be a way for you to relax. And there is no better way to relax than to change your mood without the use of devices. Head on to your neighbor or friend for face-to-face interaction which can make you feel calmer, safer and less stressful. Studies shows interacting through text, email or messaging that bypasses nonverbal cues does not have the same effect on individual’s emotional well-being.

No one knows you better than yourself, and the ultimate goal is to build skills that will make it easier for you to relate to others and find it easier to communicate in person rather than tweeting, texting or blogging other people online. Building skills in these areas may help you weather the stresses on your daily life without relying on your devices.

Think back to other times when you’ve reached out for your devices, is it to distract yourself from other issues like loneliness and shyness? If so, you need to reach out to your friends and family. If you are shy, there are ways to overcome social awkwardness and make lasting friendship without relying on social media or the Internet. Help your younger sibling out with their homework. They’ve probably been nagging you for a while about that anyway. Set a good example for your siblings. Better yet, try reaching out to your teacher for that problem you know you cannot solve by yourself or join a club at school that is not related to technology or social media.

Where to Find Technology/Internet Addiction Treatment
If you’re a teenager with technology and social media issues or internet addiction disorder, sometimes abbreviated as IAD; it may be time to look for outside support, teenagers often rebel against their parents, whether it’s from family, friends, or a professional therapist. It’s very difficult to find a dedicated facility that specializes in technology and social media issues or internet addiction. Many treatment centers that treat internet addiction also handle a variety of other behavioral problems. Professional therapists who provide couple’s therapy often deal with patients that have a range of compulsive behavioral problems. Find treatment centers here for internet addiction in your area or call the Helpline at 888-465-7473 or 877-762-4484 or 866-208-4949.

Specific therapies and therapeutic activities prescribed by a therapist will vary from teen to teen, but here are some options tested to have the best impact on a teenager with internet addiction.

  • Structured and closely supervised schedule with little or no access to Internet-connected devices
  • Individual, group, and family therapy
  • Behavioral modification
  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
  • Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT)
  • Equine therapy
  • Expressive arts therapy
  • Recreation therapy

III. ADULTS
As an adult, the best way to use technology and social media without worshiping it is to cultivate habits that can free us to enjoy living. This includes:

Cultivate Healthier Activities
Been bored and lonely as an adult is no fun. You should resist the urge to use that device by doing a hospital visit, volunteering at church or your community, taking a yoga class, reading a book, or walking with friends.

Disable Notifications
Internet connected devices somehow pulls people out of the present moment and into someone else experience. Resist this by turning off the function where new posts pop up as alerts on your devices. Unless your job requires it, there is no need to take your devices like smartphone or tablet with you everywhere in the house. Leave it where you normally put it when you get home and go to the deck to relax and get some fresh air or just take time off for a quiet time..

Block Out an internet Connected Devices Turnoff Time
Ever since I almost crashed into the car in front of me while driving on Interstate 5 using my smartphone about 5 years ago, I always turn off my smartphone as soon as I get into the driver’s seat. Other times I turn off the smartphone include during sporting activities, bedtime, dinner, meetings, or playing with kids.

Check internet Connected Devices with a Purpose
Determine from this day on to always check your smartphone with a purpose in mind. Constantly documenting everything around you to post on your social media page so that you’re socially accepted is nerve racking and time-consuming. It’s best to check your smartphone sporadically or at a scheduled time and make sure you time yourself.

No Smartphone in the Bedroom or Bathroom
Treat your bedroom as a mini-sanctuary where there is no eating or smartphone usage. If you cultivate this habit, your children will thank you for it when they grow up and on their own. Smartphone usage and eating in bed unless on special occasions is totally distracting and send the wrong message to your kids that they can eat in bed and take their smartphone to bed as well. Unless your job requires you leave your smartphone on all the time, or you use your smartphone as a wake-up alarm; it’s best to turn off all devices and leave them in another room overnight to charge. Get traditional paper books for the bedroom and bathroom instead of eBooks on your smartphone or tablet.

Uninstall social media Apps
If your eyes are glued to your smartphone or tablet instead of helping that crying baby or living up to your responsibility as a parent then it may be time for you to remove the social media apps from your smartphone and check Facebook, Twitter and the like only from your personal computer. Unless you make a living from social media; you can spend as little time as you want on social media and you won’t miss out on anything. Besides, you will boost your sense of self-worth and have more time for things that are important in your life; like spending quality time that requires eye-to-eye contact with loved ones.

Rowland Adeniyi is a security and Infrastructure Architectures Consultant. Consulting to colleges, Microsoft, and other agencies. Built and maintains ECWA USA Website.

 

REFERENCES
Andreassen, C. S., Billieux, J., Griffiths, M. D., Kuss, D. J., Demetrovics, Z., Mazzoni, E., & Pallesen, S. (2016). The relationship between addictive use of social media and video games and symptoms of psychiatric disorders: A large-scale cross-sectional study. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 30(2), 252-262. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/adb0000160

Carnes, P., Delmonico, D., & Griffin, E. (2007). In the Shadows of the Net: Breaking Free of Compulsive Online Sexual Behavior (2nd ed.). Center City, Minnesota: Hazelden Foundation.

Internet addiction disorder. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.minddisorders.com/Flu-Inv/Internet-addiction-disorder.html

Stewart, C. (2010, January 13). Obsessed With the Internet: A Tale From China. Retrieved from http://www.wired.com/2010/01/ff_internetaddiction/

Young, K. S. (1998) internet addiction: The emergence of a new clinical disorder. Cyberpsychology and Behavior 1: 237-244.

Young, K. (n.d.). Center for internet Addiction – Education and Treatment. Retrieved from http://netaddiction.com

Risky Business: internet Addiction – Help for recognizing and dealing with smartphone and internet addiction. (Mental Health America)

Media Smarts – Site covering safety tips for children and how to cope with challenges such as social media, texting and messaging, and excessive internet use. (Canada’s Centre for Digital and Media Literacy)

Understanding Addictive Cybersex – Article by Dr. Jennifer Schneider discusses the types and consequences of cybersex addiction. (Cybersexualaddiction.com)

Sex and Love Addicts Anonymous – How to find a 12-step program for sexual addictions. (Sex and Love Addicts Anonymous)

On-Line Gamers Anonymous – Help and support for problems caused by excessive game playing. (OLGA)

Restart Center – Offers programs to help you disconnect from digital media, such as smartphones, gaming, and the Internet. (Center for Digital Technology Sustainability)

Apps Block social media Because Users Can’t Stop Themselves – Review of anti-distraction apps and software that help you monitor and curb your smartphone and online behavior. (NPR)

Smartphone Compulsion Test – Dr. David Greenfield’s screening tool for smartphone overuse or addiction. (The Center for internet and Technology Addiction)



Why Plant Churches in the USA?

by Rev. Joseph Ezeigbo M.Div, Th.M | The Psalmist urges us to declare his glory among the nations, his marvelous deeds among all peoples. Ps.96:3

America, with her approximately 350 million people, has the third largest population of any nation in the world. Although this number represents only about 4.28% of the entire world population, it comprises the highest number of the largest ethnic and groups of people in the world. Further, America has the highest number of growing immigrant population in the world, thus making it the greatest mission field in the world. These are not new facts. Missiologists established these statistics more than a quarter of a century ago.

Immigrants accounted for 4.7% of US population in 1970 and rising to 6.2% in 1980 and up to 12.5% in 2009. Since 2000 America absorbs at least 1 million immigrants annually. (Note that this excludes undocumented immigrants).

Jesus, the Lord of the harvest, charged His disciples thus saying, Do you not say, ’Four months more and then the harvest?’ I tell you, open your eyes and look at the fields. They are ripe for harvest (Jn. 4:34). In His compassion for a desperate and distressed world, He urged them (us— ECWAUSA) … The harvest is plentiful, but the workers are few. Ask the Lord of the harvest to send out workers into his harvest field Matt. 9:37-38.

POLARIZATION OF THE GOSPEL
Though record indicates that about 30,000 Churches shut their doors between 2006 to 2012; a study reported by the Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion states that there has been a general increase in the number of Churches in the US since 1998. The National Congregations Study (NCS) conducted between 2006 and 2012 also indicates an increase from about 336,000 congregations in 1998 to about 414,000 in 2006 and perhaps leveled off at 338,00 in 2012. The Southern Baptist Church(SBC); America’s largest denomination, has about 50,000 congregations.

However, consider that these overall statistics include those denominations that have become apostate (denying the five Cardinal doctrines of the Bible), including the inspiration of the Bible and authority of the Scriptures and ordination of openly gay and homosexual individuals.

In Africa in general and Nigeria in particular, the situation is more bemoanable. The seemingly out of control upsurge of the Neo-Pentecostal/Charismatic movement has become a reproach to the cause Christianity in Nigeria. Fake miracles, Occult practices, False and demonic doctrines, bogus titles by “ministers of God” (MOGs), excessive lavish lifestyles and materialism etc. (Reading material, The Seduction of the Nigerian Church by Gary Maxey and Peter Ozodo and The Modern Theology versus Biblical Theology by an ECWA pastor, Daniel Sopuru). According to Pew Research, Nigeria is the second most religious country in the world.

Apostle Paul stated the integrity that governed his ministry and should be the goal of every ministry in these words, “unlike so many we do not peddle the word of God for profit. On the contrary, in Christ, we speak with sincerity, like men sent from God” “Therefore, since through God’s mercy we have received this ministry, we do not lose heart. Rather we have renounced secret and shameful ways; we do not use deception, nor do we distort the word of God. On the contrary, by setting forth the truth plainly, we commend ourselves to every man’s conscience in the sight of God” (2 Cor. 2:17;4:1-3).

POST-MODERNISM (POST-CHRISTIAN) ERA
For those who canvass in Philosophy, this is an upgrade from the Age of the Enlightenment of 17th and 18th Centuries. Author and pastor David Roper gives the following description of this period: we are living in what many have described as a Post-Christian era. That doesn’t mean there are no longer many Christians around; there may in fact be more true believers than ever before. ‘Post–Christian’ era means that Christian faith no longer plays a role in shaping public opinion and policy. Christian assumptions and commitments once widely held no longer have the presence and impact they once had.

A new hallmark of this period is characterized by the rise the “Nones.” The “Nones” are the new segment of the American population who identify themselves as religiously unaffiliated. And they are growing by the numbers. According to a study, in the 1950s, around 3% of Americans checked the “None” box when asked about their religious affiliation. That number has grown especially in the last decade to 20%. This group, according to Pew Research Center, makes up for about 23% of US adult population. About 33% of Millennial’s population fall into this category. In the last five years, this population grew from 15% to 20%.

PORTRAY THE BEAUTY OF THE GOSPEL AND TRUE CHRISTIANITY
Paul’s admonition to his protégé, Titus behooves us. …that in every way they will make the teaching about God our Savior attractive (NIV) Tit. 2:10. The word attractive adorn (NKJV) kosmeo in Greek. The idea is to beautify or make beautiful in order to draw attention. The Gospel has become the object of ridicule and caricature in many quarters today for the reasons mentioned above especially when considering the state of the Church in both the United States and Nigeria. Judging by population and size ratio, Nigeria has the largest number of Churches and Christian population of any country in the world. United States and Nigeria are the two countries with the highest number of Church attendance population in the world.

May we aspire to spread the aroma of Christ as we are urged for we are to God the aroma of Christ.

PROPAGATION OF THE GOSPEL
The Psalmist urges declare his glory among the nations, his marvelous deeds among all peoples Ps.96:3. The Great Commission is preceded by Christ’s declaration of His possession of All authority in heaven and on earth (Matt.28:18) Contextually, therefore when we obey the Great Commission, we march under that divine authority and the promise of His company and abiding presence (vss.19-20). Also, the blessing of those who proclaim the God news would be abundantly ours (Isa.52:7).

Rev. Joseph EzeigboRev. Joseph Okechukwu Ezeigbo is a Bible teacher for the weekly Bible study at ECWA Maryland. He is also a part of the National Day of Prayer and the International Day of Prayer for the Persecuted.